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A Nucular India By: Ankur Gupta PWR2 Dr. Moekle 19 May 2006
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Gupta 2 The Basics India, a civilization built on renewable energy and biodiverse economies, is currently at a crossroads - will it continue on its renewable energy path based on biodiversity and energy equity, or will it follow a non-sustainable energy path based on fossil fuels and nuclear power? India is not among the historical carbon dioxide polluters of the world because, through culture and economic policy, preference has always been given to localized, decentralized labor-intensive economies, not centralized, industrial economies which displace people by depending on non-renewable energy inputs. However, with globalization, new ideas have brought a lot of change at every possible level: the renewable is being replaced by the non-renewable, people are being displaced by fossil fuels, and the decentralized and diverse systems are being replaced by centralized monocultures of transport, manufacture, and agriculture. On July 18 th 2005, President Bush announced a global partnership with India to promote stability, democracy, prosperity, and peace. The desire to transform relations with India, according to administration officials, is “founded upon a strategic vision that transcends even today’s most pressing security concerns.” President Bush said he would “work to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India” and would “also seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies.” He wants to “help India be good stewards of our environment and [he] will strengthen the bonds of trust between our two great nations.” Administration officials have described the agreement as a “win” for nonproliferation because it would bring India into the nonproliferation mainstream. For thirty years, India has remained outside the mainstream: it rejected the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) as discriminatory and exploded a “peaceful” nuclear device in 1974 that convinced the world of the need for greater restrictions on nuclear trade. The United States created the Nuclear Suppliers Group as a direct response to India’s test, halted nuclear exports to India a few years later, and worked to convince other states to do the same. Then in 1974, following the India’s nuclear bomb tests, Japan, the United States, and many other countries imposed sanctions and cut off aid, loans, and credit to both India and Pakistan. In June of 1998, the UN Security Council passed a resolution, confirmed by the UN General Assembly in November that year that condemned the nuclear tests and called for restraint. The U.S - India nuclear agreement, an expansion of nuclear power in India and nuclear fuel sales to India, is in effect a reversal of both countries’ policies. The agreement was finalized during President Bush's India visit in March 2006. It is being offered as a "clean energy" - an alternative to fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course IHUM 53 taught by Professor Nightingale,white during the Winter '08 term at Stanford.

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