Ch.6 Quiz - Ch.6 Quiz Devah Pager's research on employment...

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Ch.6 QuizDevah Pager's research on employment prospects for individuals with a prior criminal record exemplifies the serious consequences for certain stigmas. If an individual with a criminal record cannot easily find a job, due to this stigma, and thus decides to return to committing crimes to support their family, what sociological idea is this an example of? Recidivism (Recidivism is when an individual who has been involved with the criminal justice system reverts back to criminal behavior)Recidivism occurs when _____.A person who has been in the criminal justice system relapses into criminal behaviorSecondary deviance refers to _____.Subsequent violations of societal rules that occur after primary deviance and as a result of being labeled “deviant”According to strain theory, a ritualist is a person who _____.Rejects socially defined goals but not the socially acceptable means to achieve themDefinitions of deviant behavior tend to _____.Change over time and vary from one context to anotherInformal social sanctions are _____.Understood by members of a social group without being openly expressedWhich of the following is an example of a stigma in U.S. society?Having a speech impediment (A stigma not only changes others’ behavior toward a person but also alters that person’s self-concept and self-identity)Which of the following is an example of informal deviance?Telling the hostess of a dinner party that you didn’t like the main dishMinor transgressions like this don’t violate laws enacted by societyThe goal of correctional centers and mental health institutions to help inmates or patients learn to be productive members of society may be at odds with _____.The way life in a total institution can strip away a person’s self-identity and leave him or her feeling lost and vulnerableWhy is a society bound by mechanical solidarity more likely to apply punitive justice (rather than rehabilitative justice) to a person who violates a law or social norm?People in such a society are bound by sameness and any violation of social norms must be punished severely in order to reinforce the boundaries of acceptable behaviorAnomie can be defined as a sense of aimlessness or despair that develops when an individual _____.Experiences a loss of order and normalcy from too little social regulationOrganic solidarity can be defined as _____.

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