west. hist. - week 2 - FrenchMonarchs AfterLouisXIVdead,...

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French Monarchs  After Louis XIV dead, his son Louis XV become the king Louis XV doesn’t have more ability to control the situation  Arts are more delicate—which show French’s style---delicate and intimacy   Francois Couperin (1668-1733)  Couperin's career reflects the growing diffusion of patronage in France. He was the organist to the king. He taught harpsichord to members of the aristocracy. He published his own music. Couperin's orders : Pieces de clavecin—4 books The ordres or suites were published between 1713 and 1730. Each order contains a number of miniature works, generally based on dance rhythms  and set in a binary form. Most of the pieces have evocative titles, they are musical portrait.  Agrement: ornamented music in French harpsichord music   Example: NAWM 86: La visionaire (The Dreamer) takes on the conventions of the French  overture. NAWM 86: La muse victorieuse (The Victorious Muse) is a fast dance in triple time--- passe pied (past movement)
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Couperin's treatise L'art de toucher le clavecin (The Art of Playing the Harpsichord,  1716)  contains useful information about French Baroque performance practice. Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764)—first one who use Baroque  Rameau began as an organist in the provinces of France. The theories of Rameau His principal work, Traite l'harmonie (Treatise on Harmony, 1722), is one of the most  influential of all theoretical works. Rameau based his theory practice on the laws of acoustics. The triad and the seventh chord were the primal elements of music---the founder mental  of the music is the roots of the chords He defined the root of each chord and recognized chord inversions. The roots in a succession of chords created the fundamental bass  Music was propelled by dissonance and rested with consonance. Using the terms tonic, dominant, and subdominant, Rameau established these three  chords as the pillars of harmony. Although a piece could change keys through modulation, each work had a central tonic  key. Rameau was the first to bring all of these theoretical ideas together. The operas of Rameau First opera: Hippolyte et Aricie (1733), which is based on a drama by Racine. Hippdyte: a guy,   Theseus (Hippdyte’s stepmother) and phedre are married Aricie: the daughter of the defeating race
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Rameau's early operas created controversy. Two camps developed, one favoring Rameau and the other attacking him for subverting  the opera traditions of Lully.
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  • Fall '12
  • DavidGrayson
  • Music, Handel, Recitative, da capo aria, Da Capo

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