GWS102-Gender__Health_and_Human_Rights - OCTOBER 16 AND 18:...

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OCTOBER 16 AND 18: GENDER, HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS Required and Supplemental Readings: Julie and Sandra Levison, “Women’s Health and Human Rights” in M. Agosin (ed.), Women, Gender and Human Rights . Rutgers Press, 2001. Stanlie James, “Shades of Othering: Reflections on Female Circumcision/Genital Mutilation” in Signs (1998), vol. 23, no. 41. *Uma Narayan, Dislocating Cultures: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism . Routledge, 1997. Paul Farmer, “Women, Poverty and AIDS,” in Paul Farmer, Janie Simmons, Margaret Connors (eds.), Women, Poverty and AIDS: Sex, Drugs, and Structural Violence . LPG Group, 1994.   *(Paul Farmer has written other books with titles like: AIDS and Accusation: Haiti and the Geography of Blame , Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights and the New War on the Poor , Infections and Inequalities: the Modern Plagues ) Joseph Amon, “Preventing the Further Spread of HIV/AIDS: the Essential Role of Human Rights” in Human Rights Watch World Report 2006 . *Anne V. Akeroyd, “Coercion, Constraints, and ‘Cultural Entrapments”: A Further Look at Gendered and Occupational Factors Pertinent to the Transmission of HIV in Africa,” in Kalipeni, Craddock, Opoing and Ghosh (eds.), HIV and AIDS in Africa: Beyond Epidemiology . Blackwell Press, 2004. Health : As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as: a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity and thus “supports the notion that biomedical threats and social injustices determine health.” Acc. to Levison, “Women’s health is devoted to facilitating the preservation of wellness and prevention of illness and includes screening, diagnosis and management of conditions which are unique to women, are more common in women, are more serious in women and have manifestations, risk factors or interventions which are different in women.” Because “inequalities in the social and economic status of men and women disproportionately deprive women and their children of good health,” the Levison’s argue that “it is becoming apparent that efforts to promote health care that do not include attention to
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human rights issues are incomplete and ultimately ineffective.” Furthermore, that women have to be empowered so that they are “informed participants in their own health care.” (pp. 125, 126.) They argue that promoting women’s health means valuing fundamental human rights such as education, the right to employment, equal pay for equal work, rights to participate in political life, etc. But, what are human rights and how are they protected? Human Rights: Fundamental rights regarded as belonging to all people. Found in many treaties and in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), passed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. Other Human Rights Documents relating to Women’s Health:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GWS 102 taught by Professor Anon during the Spring '08 term at Ill. Chicago.

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GWS102-Gender__Health_and_Human_Rights - OCTOBER 16 AND 18:...

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