History 443--Kemalist Turkey

History 443--Kemalist Turkey - History 443-Kemalist Turkey...

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History 443—Kemalist Turkey 31/01/2008 14:33:00 Ottomans attacked Mustafa Kemal fends off British attack on Gallipoli o Saves Istanbul o British unable to take it because ottoman military was better than they  had thought o Had officer Mustafa Kamal Ottomans fend off Russians from Black sea o Genocide against Armenians o Thought they might join forces with Russia Ottomans go Down to Defeat British get up Arab revolt in Hijaz o Led by Sharif Faisal Coordinates with British invasion of Palestine, Syria from Egypt Loss of Iraq So basically only left with Turkey Versailles, 1919 Victorious Great powers decide fate Divide up M.E.
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Treaty of Sevres, 1920 Between Allies and Ottomans Italy: Konya Greece: Izmir (Smyrna)  French got land around Adana Kurds and Armenians were promised self determination Greek advances Greeks occupy Izmir in May, 1919 Move into the interior Romanic nationalism—eternal relationship to the soil o Problem many people live in the same place over time Sivas, 1919 Early September 1919 Sivas Congress o Resistance would be offered to partition of Turkey Led militarily by Mustafa Kamal  He emerged as the primary leader inspiring all the rest Many switched allegience to him Sultan at the time acquiesced to European demands at the time so he was  seen as bad
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Nationalist conflict with Allies Angry Entente Powers formally occupy Istanbul On March 16, 1920 And arrest many nationalists Civil War 23 April 1920, Grand National Assembly meets in Ankara Mustafa Kemal elected as Pres of assembly o Becomes known as Ataturk Greek Front In1921 Turks defeated the attacking Greek army Repel attack on Ankara Advance on Izmir, 1922 Oct 1921 France and Italy withdraw
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