Part I:Individual Assignment: Complete PART I of the following chart by providing a brief explanation of the stepping stones to the Civil War. Make sure to focus on information relevant to the Civil War. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Event Part I: Description / Explanation Part II: Category and Reasoning Northwest Land Ordinance 1787 It is when the five states of the Ohio River Valley were applying for statehood. All of them must have laws against their constitutions. This is the 15th most important event, because this was extra land that could have influenced the spread of slavery. U.S. Constitution 1787 No definition of freedom or citizenship, makes no mention of slavery except for the ⅗ compromise dealing with counting slaves for taxes and representation.Bill of Rights written by James Madison. This is the 14th most important event, because the ⅗ compromise was the first agreement that both slave holders and non slave holders had. Invention of Cotton Gin 1793 Expaneded the South’s dependance on slavery. Allow for the South’s economy to expand through increased production of cotton. The North becomes increasingly dependent on the Southern production of cotton. This is the 13th most important as the South could utilize more slaves in order to get more cotton picked. The machine itself could take the cotton apart faster which allowed for more slaves on the fields. Missouri Compromise 1820 Added tensions between free and slave states. 36 30 line states that any new state north of the line must be a free slave state and any new state south of the line must have legalized slavery. MO is a slave state and Maine is a free state. Tallmadge Amendment - proposed amendment to the compromise that stated slaves who turned 25 in MO would be freed and no new slave states from the LAP would be added Failed. 2nd most important event would be the Missouri Compromise, because it caused geopolitical tensions about the spread of slavery. Nat Turner’s Revolt 1831 Virginia revolt led by Nat Turner (current slave) in an attempt to gain his own freedom and the freedom of others on his and neighboring plantations. While some damage and life was lost, the revolt was put down by the local militia. Resulted in stricter slave laws This is the 11th most relevant event, because these revolts resulted in stricter slave laws which in turn caused more people to oppose the holding of slaves.