IR Midterm Study Guide

IR Midterm Study Guide - IR Midterm Study Guide Term...

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IR Midterm Study Guide Term Definition Author Theory General statement that describes and explains the causes and effects of a particular situation. They are a rough guide for explaining how the world works, not always correct because they are simplifications. Depend on a Independent Variable (Cause) and Dependent Variable (Effect). Best when simple, clear, explanatory, relevant, falsifiable & empirically valid. Theories in Social Science are probabilistic, and never "correct" *N/A* Anarchy A political system without central authority. International system is fundamentally different from the domestic system because of the existence of anarchy, where there is no international force to make or enforce law, protect rights or provide security. It does not mean a system of chaos or war, though this may be a consequence. It follows that a state's primary interest is survival, a self help system and a focus on uncertainty and relative power. *N/A* Sovereignty The idea that a state has independent authority and a monopoly on the legitimate use of force within its own boundaries. The current system of sovereignty was established at the peace of Westphalia in 1648, which set up international standards. The rise of nationalism gave rise to our current system. States are theoretically equal, however many challenges such as IGOs, NGOs, Terrorism and Globalization challenge the idea that sovereignty matters. Krasner Power The ability to achieve one's own goals, to produce the desired outcome, to get others to do what they otherwise would not. It is relative (measured vis-à-vis other states), situational, dynamic (changes over time) and subjective (not the same to all). *N/A* Hard Power The classical view of power, including military & economic force (carrots and sticks), the ability to get others to do what they otherwise would not via force or bribery. It depends on Resources, Population, Economy, Military and Political influence … it is easy to miscalculate. *N/A* Soft Power The ability to achieve goals via influence instead of force or bribes. Depends on the appeal of your nation's ideas and systems to others, intangible measurement. The greater hard power success, the greater influence a nation is likely to have. *N/A* Force The ultima ration of the anarchical international system, traditionally the military or economic force. Divided into 4 "uses": Defense, Deterrence, Compellence or Swaggering. Art Security Dilemma The idea that most means of self protection simultaneously threaten the security of other states. It often occurs as a reaction of one state to the growing capabilities of another, which often results in a spiral of hostility which can result in war or conflict. Sometimes two states with peaceful intentions can come to war because of misunderstanding. This is most likely to occur when offense has an advantage and it is impossible to tell the the difference between offensive and defensive weapons. Jervis Prisoner's Dilemma A type of "game theory" analogy that tries to mimic a situation in international politics. In this situation, mutual cooperation is Jervis
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 20200 taught by Professor Lieber during the Fall '07 term at Notre Dame.

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IR Midterm Study Guide - IR Midterm Study Guide Term...

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