IR_Exam2_Review - International Relations Review Exam II...

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International Relations Review Exam II Cost of WWI o Life Largest loss of Life b/c of War Trench Warfare Battle of Verdun Battle of Somme o Economics Nearly Bankrupt UK Signals Fall of European Powers Rise of American Economic Power o Political Fall of Empires New Autonomous States Russian Revolution Seeds of Facism Triple Alliance o Great Britain – richest and most powerful nation, hesitant to fight in mainland Europe War o France – declining power, worried about rise of Germany o Russia – protection of Serbia helps spark war, huge potential for power but disastrous military, transition from czars to industrialization Triple Entendre o Austria-Hungary – multinational empire with a factional (ethnically) corrupt military, little control over power o Germany – Rising power in Europe, with most powerful military, wary of Russian growth, looking for “Weltpolitik”, Domestic issues and the need to fight a 2 front war Iron-Rye Coalition o A deal struck between the industrial and agricultural elites within Germany to gain power that signaled the growing power of the working class o Challenged the old rich elites that were in power in Germany at the time … this caused significant domestic strife o The Industrialist included a Naval buildup that threatened the UK o The Agriculturalist included a high tariff on grain that alienated Russia o Could add up as a Domestic cause of WWI Schleiffen Plan o Germany’s response to the problem of a two front war o Included a move through Belgium to attack Paris from behind o Part of the plan was a speedy mobilization to prepare for the slower Russians
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o Military plan that may have not been known by the Kaiser, that inadvertently started the war and brought the UK in o Keir says “NO” Ideological Causes of WWI o Hypernationalism – a radical pride in one’s country and association with it that allows one to fight for this country o Social Darwinism – a belief that certain races are inherently superior to others and therefore only the “fittest” races should survive o The Offensive Military Culture that focused on War as a good and cleansing event that needed to happen in Europe Impact of WWI o Huge Casualties of War o Fall of some European Powers o Creation of New States (that took territory from Germany) o Emergence of Communism in Russia o Emergence of US as World Financial Power Collective Security o The idea of a band of peaceful states working together cohesively to punish aggressors o Enforcement requires the collective military power o Aggressor states will be deterred because of the collective power of everyone else o Realized theoretically in the League of Nations Brainchild of Woodrow Wilson Unanimity of agreement needed to take action The US fails to sign on (Congressional opposition)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 20200 taught by Professor Lieber during the Fall '07 term at Notre Dame.

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IR_Exam2_Review - International Relations Review Exam II...

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