HIST 327-001 Feb 4 - HIST 327 Lecture 11 Feb 4 Midterm Exam covers everything up until the end of this week all readings lectures presentations consist

HIST 327-001 Feb 4 - HIST 327 Lecture 11 Feb 4 Midterm Exam...

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HIST 327 Lecture 11 Feb 4 Midterm: Exam covers everything up until the end of this week- all readings, lectures, presentations, consist of 2 sections, one section will be ID’s [terms, ppl, places, events, concepts e.g. British constitutionalism; 8-10 to choose from and must choose 5, worth 40% of midterm] - want to write a few sentences, short paragraph that briefly describes the term, and talk about its broader significance within the course, context we’ve used this term in lectures or in the readings (make sure to prepare these in advance e.g. HIST 383] - second section 60%, choice of two essays, choose one, broadly thematic essays that connect to topics spanning multiple lectures/touched on by multiple readings - give yourself a half hour for the essay War & Independence Part II - plan was to crush rebels by cutting off New England from rest of the struggle, would do through superior military source from the outside, seemed they might be able to pull this off by late 1776 - 1776 was clear the concerns for Washington and the rebel cause was finding a way to hold on against the British advantage in terms of arms and men - continental army needed to prove to the British, its own people, and the world community that it could withstand British power - rebels had to supply and train an army that was trying to defeat an enemy that posed numerous advantages: naval superiority, well organized army, ability to hire mercenaries and draw on vast supply of armaments and resources - Washington did not opt for constructing decentralized guerilla operation, but he did construct the army in terms of traditional European style army- emphasis of meeting British on their own terms performance of nationhood showing that US would become a nation on the European model, hoped the US would earn respect from Europeans because of this - Despite ambition of war in trying to meet the British on their level, because America didn’t have resources to evenly match the British the conflict enters a lengthy war of attrition- neither side able to gain an upper hand [British had more manpower but Americans were fighting on their own land] The Fragility of the Continental Army - the issue of morale among the rebels was important - Howe become more aggressive in 1776 of his pursuit of the CA and responded to pressure by cornering them, sent General Cornwallis to push through New Jersey, rebels pulled back and cut their losses rather than being defeated in the war - At this point Britain was close to capturing their army and Washington’s forces were close to falling apart, expectation that new men would re-enlist - In last ditch effort, Washington plans an offensive action before the bulk of enlistments expired, December 25 1776 he took boats through the icy Delaware River and landed in Trenton NJ, surprised the British, Americans captured army of more than 1,000 Haitian mercenaries - In first stages of the war it was quite harrowing for the CA and Washington learned
lessons from 1776 campaign: wouldn’t risk army like he did in NY and NR [putting them

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