Philo Final Review

Philo Final Review - Moral Freedom Freedom only requires...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Moral Freedom Freedom only requires doing what we want to do Compatibalist view of Freedom
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Metaphysical Freedom Freedom at least requires the ability to do otherwise Determinist view of Freedom
Background image of page 2
Being Free v. Being Random Random Neuron firings of brains is not determined Responded to by the idea that randomness is not freedom Being free does not equate to being spastic
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Being Free v. Being Lucky If freedom is doing what you want to do then … A lucky person is “more free” than an unlucky person b/c … A lucky person does what they want while an unlucky person does not
Background image of page 4
Psycho v. Brain Lesion Example used when discussing free will A psycho will fully consciously choose to kill the president A person with a brain lesion has this happen accidentally Leads to question of responsibility of action
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Twin earth criticism Criticism of the hard determinist view of freedom If there was another “me” on an earth with “freedom” he would still do what he wanted Therefore there is no “other” … so freedom can’t be ability to do other
Background image of page 6
Manipulative Brain Washer If a brain washer sets mind to do an action the person didn’t previously want to do The person is not doing what they want to do But the person isn’t really “free” …
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Internal v. External Causes
Background image of page 8
Ordinary Upbringing Rebuttal Ordinary upbringing is simply an extended “brainwashing” Still free and doing what you want then Defense of compatibalism
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Locked Room Example If an ND and Michigan fan are locked in a room with a game where ND is killing Michigan and the door gets locked The ND fan wouldn’t choose to leave The Michigan fan could but can’t So the Michigan fan isn’t doing what he wants Therefore the Michigan fan isn’t “free”
Background image of page 10
Cultural Difference Argument Different Cultures have different moral codes Therefore, there are no objective, universal, culturally independent facts or considerations which determine the truth or falsehood of different moral claims
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Relativism’s Self-Refutation The first premise is a universal statement There are no universal statements in the theory Therefore the theory is invalid
Background image of page 12
No Moral Progress Consequence Can’t criticize other cultures Then we can’t criticize things we did wrong in the past Can’t criticize things like Nazi Germany
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Legal v. Moral Legal is what law dictates Moral is following some ethical code of what is right and wrong Some overlap, but not necessarily all legal=moral or all moral=legal
Background image of page 14
Eskimo Example Example of cultural relativism
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 16
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 60

Philo Final Review - Moral Freedom Freedom only requires...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 16. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online