Locke - ”(19:6-8 I enter a state of war when the stranger...

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Stephen Meehan Political Theory; Professor Roos Jeremy Rabideau February 16, 2007 Locke and The Second Treatise of Government Locke would say that the stranger and I are in a state of nature wherein we are both equally free since, “we must consider what State all Men are naturally in, and that is, a State of perfect Freedom to order their Actions, and dispose of their Possessions, and Persons they think fit” (4:2-4). Upon seeing the stranger we are in a State of Peace since we have not transgressed nature’s law, because “all men be restrained from invading others Rights, and from doing hurt to one another, and the Law of Nature be observed, which willeth the Peace and Preservation of all Mankind ” (7:1-4). Even after the promises are made, the stranger and I remain in a State of Nature, because their is not a common power over us, “Men living together according to reason, without a common Superior on Earth, with Authority to judge between them, is properly in the State of Nature
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Unformatted text preview: ” (19:6-8). I enter a state of war when the stranger begins to suspiciously eye my stuff, since no action need be taken but, “a sedate settled Design, upon another Mans Life, puts him in a State of War with him against whom he has declared such an Intention” (16:3-5), and that “Design upon another Mans Life,” must not necessarily be a plan to kill but any plan that is, “an Enemy to my Preservation, who would take away that Freedom , which is the Fence to it” (17:11-12). When I catch this stranger taking my stuff, I am then authorized to kill, as Locke states, “it is Lawful for me to treat him, as one who has put himself into a State of War with me, i.e. kill him if I can” (18:8-10). If a third person were present, I could certainly be justified in killing the stranger, since he could be an unbiased judge of the events, since, “it is unreasonable for Men to be Judges in their own Cases, that Self-love will make Men partial to themselves” (13:3-5)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 20600 taught by Professor Roos during the Spring '07 term at Notre Dame.

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