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Running head: EVALUATING FATIGUEEvaluating Fatigue in Aviation Related Accidents and Mishapsby Jesse RidenourAnnotated BibliographySubmitted to the Worldwide CampusIn Partial Fulfillment of the Requirementof Course ASCI 490, The Aeronautical Science Capstone Course,for the Bachelor of Science in Aeronautics DegreeEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical UniversityJune 2020
EVALUATING FATIGUESummaryThe aviation industry is a high tempo environment with many aspects that can be potentially dangerous if industry workers do not have sound situational awareness. There are several human factors that can hinder this situational awareness. However, this study is focused on the ways fatigue can impact the human brain and cause disorientation, poor reaction time, indecisiveness, and even cause people to fall asleep on the job. Many accidents throughout the history of aviation can be contributed to or have had fatigue being a major factor for their occurrence. Many times, there are external factors that come into play such as weather, nighttime flying, or even mechanical malfunctions. All of these situations can be mitigated if the aircrew or personnel are alert and make sound decisions in these situations. This paper will show how fatigue complicates and magnifies the problems and danger in these types of scenarios. This study will also begin to explore and recommend ways to combat fatigue whether by physical or engineering controls. Fatigue is a controllable human factor and there is no excuse as to why workers in the aviation field should perform duties when they are not at their best performance levels. Annotated Bibliography Ahlers, M. (2007, April 10). NTSB: Air controller fatigue contributed to 4 mishaps. Retrieved from This CNN article by Mike Ahlers mainly pertains the to crash of Comair Flight 5191 which was determined to be caused by the Air Traffic Controllers (ATC) lack of sleep. During Ahlers research he also states that 4 other such accidents were caused due to ATC work schedules and lack of adequate rest causing fatigue. 2
EVALUATING FATIGUEMike Ahlers knows the evidence of fatigue in the Comair Flight 5191 killing 49 people isnot conclusive. However further backs up his claims using data from 4 other accidents provided by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). Ahlers is an experienced journalist with CNN and has credibility reporting in the aviation field. Avers, K. (2011, December 6). A Review of Federal Aviation Administration Fatigue Research. Retrieved from ?journalCode=apfIn this scholarly journal entry, Katrina Avers dissects the factors that contribute to fatigue in the aviation industry. She conducts an examination on the Federal Aviation Administrations (FAA) research into fatigue related accidents over the last 50 years. In addition, her journal article also reviews strategies and methods that can be incorporated into aviation operations.

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