AncientMid - I. II. Philosopher IDs Concept Terms a. Myth:...

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I. Philosopher IDs II. Concept Terms a. Myth: A narrative story that attempts to answer “big questions of life (i.e. beginning of the world, moral rightness, etc.). Includes calendar of feasts and celebrations, and comments on nature and a “priesthood” b. Philosophy: a systematic inquiry of the “big questions” which uses dialectic and diagramming reasoning as a way of descent from general principles to more particular. Could involve a “way of life” such as a doctrine of moral rightness and a community c. Material Principles: the primary qualities of all things as understood as a combination of hot/cold and moist/dry to include: i. Fire ii. Air iii. Earth iv. Water d. Efficient Principles: understanding of action in the world as the work of a combination of two forces attraction and repelling e. Reductionism: the belief that all things can be reduced to the things that make them up (whether it be seeds, atoms, elements or whatever) and that other things are simply composites of these f. Qualified vs. Unqualified Change: Qualified change is the idea that things, a certain primary substance, can change qualities or acquire or lose certain qualities about them such as a suntan or the ability to play the flute. Unqualified change is the idea that things can come into and pass out of being such as a completely new pig created out of a non-pig (i.e. pig sperm and pig ovum). g. Moral Uprightness: The idea of what is right to do explored in The Republic; ideas presented range from: giving a man what is due, giving benefit to friend and harm to enemies; doing what is the interest of the stronger and narrow self interest. The analogy of the person to the polis and the idea of balance of rational mind and other parts of the soul come out on top. Moral Uprightness:Soul::Health:Body h. Philosopher (in Plato): one whose heart is fixed on the true being of things. Moral uprightness is a crucial pre-req., making the philosopher the surest moral guide. Rare commodities in society … characteristics include: i. Love of learning ii. Truthfulness iii. Self-Discipline iv. Breadth of Vision v. Courage vi. Moral Uprightness vii. Innate High Intelligence viii. Excellent Memory ix. Sense of Proportion and Elegance
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i. Forms: The idea that we can have a deep understanding of the world only through reference to a world of eternal realities, “visible” only to the soul. With the following properties: i. Eternal ii. Ungenerable iii. Imperishable iv. Unchanging v. Non-sensible vi. Immaterial vii. Do not admit of their own opposites j. Transcendentals: Every being regardless of which category it falls into, has transcendental (applies to all terms) terms truly predictable of it: i. Being ii. One (Individual or Undivided) iii. Something iv. Entity v. True (Intelligible) vi. Good (Object of Desire) k. Categories: Division of being into Substance or Accident i. Substance: The idea of what something is, the something that is
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 30301 taught by Professor Fredosso during the Spring '08 term at Notre Dame.

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AncientMid - I. II. Philosopher IDs Concept Terms a. Myth:...

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