Ch 11 geog

Ch 11 geog - Ch. 11: East Asia EA is historically unified...

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Ch. 11: East Asia 1. EA is historically unified by cultural feature, in the 2nd half of the 20th century. It was divided ideologically and politically 2. Since the 1990s, divisions with EA have been reduced o While China is still governed by the communist party, it has embarked on a path of modified capitalist development o Tied btwn its coastal zone and J, SK and Taiwan have quickly strengthened 3. 1000 years ago, EA was not only the most populous but also the most economically advanced part of the world o In the 1800s its fortunes declined: C suffered repeated famines and revolutions and was exploited by European imperial powers J managed to retain full independence and to build a powerful military, but it remained a poor country until the 2nd half of the 20th century. In 1945 at the end of WWII, J was vanquished, while C remained gripped in a brutal civil war btwn nationalist and communist forces 4. Today EA must be recognized as one of the core areas of the world economy, and its emerging as a center of political power as well o J, SK, and Taiwan are among the worlds key trading states o C is still more economically and culturally self-contained, but it too has emerged as a global trading power Environmental Issues: 5. Environmental problems in EA are severe owing to a combination of the regions large pop., its rapid industrial movement, and its physical geography 6. Flooding in Northern China o The North China Plain, which has been deforested for thousands of years, has long been plagued by drought and flood o The worst floods in N. China are caused by the Huang He, or Yellow River, which cuts across the NCP 7. Erosion on the Loess Plateau o The Huang He's sediment burden is derived from the eroding soild of the LP o Today the LP is one of the poorest parts of C, and this one of the poorer parts of the world 8. Forests and Deforestation o C lacks the historical tradition of forest conservation that characterizes J
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o In earlier periods, hillsides were often cleared for feulwood, and in some instances entire forests were burned for ash for fertilizer o After centuries of exploitation, many uplands have been so degraded that they cannot easily regenerate forests 9. Mounting Pollution o As Chinas industrial base expands, other environmental problems, such as water pollution and toxic-waste dumping, are growing, particularly in the booming coastal areas o The burning of high-sulfur coal has resulted in severe air pollution, a problem exacerbated by the increasing number of cars being driven by the C 10. Environmental Issues in Japan o In the 1950s and 60s, J's most intensive period of industrial growth, the country suffered from some of the worlds worst water and air pollution, and severe toxic waster disasters East Asia's Physical Geography 11. EA is situated in the same general latitudinal range as the US, although it extends farther north and south 12. Japan's Physical Environment o J's climate varies not only from N to S, but also from SE to NW across the main
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GEOG 1003 taught by Professor Patzewitsch during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Ch 11 geog - Ch. 11: East Asia EA is historically unified...

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