music ch 1-6

music ch 1-6 - Chapter 1 Classical music: o Often regarded...

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Chapter 1 1. Classical music: o Often regarded as "old music" written by "dead white men" o Music that has endured the test of time o Relies on acoustic instruments o Relies greatly on preset musical notation o Primarily instrumental with meaning communicated through a language of musical sounds and gestures o Compositions can be lengthy and involve a variety of moods and the listener must concentrate over a long period of time o The rhythmic "beat" often rests beneath the surface of the music o Suggests to the listener a chance to escape from the everyday world into a realm of abstract sounds patterning 2. Popular music: appeals to a much larger segment of the population o Pop and rock CDs outsell classical musical recordings o Often uses technological innovations such as electrically amplified guitars and basses, electronic synthesizers, and computers o Relies mostly on oral and aural transmission, and the work can change greatly from on performance to the next o Makes use of a text or "lyric" to convey the meaning o Pieces are relatively short, averaging from three to four minutes in length, and possess a single mood from beginning to end o Relies greatly on an immediately audible, recurrent beat o Has a more immediate impact than classical, and its lyrics often embrace issues of contemporary life 3. Acoustic instruments: o The sounds of which are not electronically altered o Trumpet, violin, piano 4. Classical music: o Relieves stress and helps the listener relax o Helps "center the mind", allowing the listener to concentrate o Provides a vision of a better world, a refuge of beauty and majesty o Offers the opportunity to learn about music, history and people 5. Encore: listeners demand that the piece be repeated immediately 6. Ludwig van Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 (1808)--opening o "short-short-short-long" gesture o Symphony: a genre, or type of music for orchestra, divided into several pieces called movements, each possessing its own tempo and mood A typical symphony will have four movements with the respective tempos of fast, slow, moderate, and fast. Played by an orchestra, a large ensemble of acoustic instruments such as violins, trumpets, and flutes. o Begins his symphony with the musical equivalent of a punch in the nose. o The four pitch rhythm "short-short-short-long" is quick and abrupt o Our reaction is one of surprise, bewilderment, fear o Motive: a short, distinctive musical figure that can stand by itself o Crescendo: volume of the music gets louder o Diminuendo: volume decreases
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o Beethoven uses the crescendo to suggest a continuous progression o Stops and a French horn blasts as if to saw "and now for something new" o B says the opening means "there fate knocks at the door" 7. Peter Tchaikovsky, Piano Concerto No. 1 (1875)--opening o Concerto: a genre of music in which an instrumental soloist plays with, and sometimes against a full orchestra o Suggests "anything you can do I can do better" o
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music ch 1-6 - Chapter 1 Classical music: o Often regarded...

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