types of theatre cont. - 1 Gay and Lesbian Theatre begins...

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1. Gay and Lesbian Theatre – begins in the 1960’s a. The Stonewall Riots – pivotal movement a.i. Happened in 1969 a.ii. Stonewall was a gay bar a.ii.1. Cops would often come in and steal money/beat up the gays a.ii.1.a. Gays actually fought back against the cops b. Aims: b.i. Activism – protest against discrimination b.ii. Education – usually about AID and ways of safe sex b.iii. Celebration of Gay culture 2. Genres a. Melodrama – most popular theatrical form of the 19 th /20 th century a.i. A virtuous hero/heroine who is hounded by a villain a.ii. Musical underscoring to create emotional values a.ii.1. The Greek word Melo means music a.ii.2. Actors often used the music to set a tone for their performance a.iii. Strict poetic justice a.iii.1.Bad guy ALWAYS loses or gives up a.iv. Universe that rewards good a.v. Often elaborate spectacle and lots of color (big sets and stage props) a.vi. Common plots – disguise, abductions, concealed identity, fortunate coincident a.vii. Audience was very vocal…often “booed” the villain b. Realism b.i. Lifelike dialogue b.ii. Scenery inhabitable (box sets) b.iii. Actors speak to each other b.iii.1.No breaking of the 4 th wall b.iv. Characters have psychological detail b.v. Focus on genuine social concern b.v.1. Took up real issues: women’s rights, relationships, etc. b.vi. Henrik Ibsen b.vi.1.The Father of Realism b.vi.2.Swedish b.vi.3.Wrote a play every year since 1879’s Doll House b.vi.3.a. Doll House – originally ban in the US b.vi.3.b. Nora Leaves her husband to find herself b.vi.3.c. “The door slap heard around the world” b.vii. Naturalism –a subset of realism b.vii.1. Theatre as a science lab – shows effect of the environment b.vii.2. Influences b.vii.2.a. Charles Darwin – biological standpoint b.vii.2.a.i. Genetically adapt to environment b.vii.2.a.ii. Shaped by our world b.vii.2.b. Karl Max – economic influences b.vii.2.b.i. Determined by economic statues b.vii.3. Dramatized social determination b.vii.3.a. Scene are depicted very realistically b.vii.4. Example: Cops
3. Comedy – comes from Comus, a Greek God of festivity a. Aristotle a.i. Comedy represents men as worse as they are. a.ii. Tragedy represents them better b. Henri Bergson b.i. Nothing is comic outside of what is exclusively human b.ii. Insensibility accompanies laughter b.iii. Laughter needs company b.iv. Comedy is culturally specific b.v. Super imposes the mechanical on the living b.vi. Two psychological theories b.vi.1.Establishment of superiority b.vi.1.a.

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