1.Gay and Lesbian Theatre – begins in the 1960’sa.The Stonewall Riots – pivotal movementa.i.Happened in 1969a.ii.Stonewall was a gay bar a.ii.1.Cops would often come in and steal money/beat up the gaysa.ii.1.a.Gays actually fought back against the cops b. Aims:b.i.Activism – protest against discriminationb.ii.Education – usually about AID and ways of safe sexb.iii.Celebration of Gay culture 2.Genresa.Melodrama – most popular theatrical form of the 19th/20thcenturya.i.A virtuous hero/heroine who is hounded by a villain a.ii.Musical underscoring to create emotional valuesa.ii.1.The Greek word Melo means musica.ii.2.Actors often used the music to set a tone for their performancea.iii.Strict poetic justicea.iii.1.Bad guy ALWAYS loses or gives upa.iv.Universe that rewards gooda.v.Often elaborate spectacle and lots of color (big sets and stage props)a.vi.Common plots – disguise, abductions, concealed identity, fortunate coincident a.vii.Audience was very vocal…often “booed” the villainb. Realism b.i.Lifelike dialogue b.ii.Scenery inhabitable (box sets)b.iii.Actors speak to each otherb.iii.1.No breaking of the 4thwallb.iv.Characters have psychological detailb.v.Focus on genuine social concernb.v.1.Took up real issues: women’s rights, relationships, etc. b.vi.Henrik Ibsenb.vi.1.The Father of Realismb.vi.2.Swedishb.vi.3.Wrote a play every year since 1879’s Doll Houseb.vi.3.a.Doll House – originally ban in the USb.vi.3.b.Nora Leaves her husband to find herselfb.vi.3.c.“The door slap heard around the world”b.vii.Naturalism –a subset of realism b.vii.1.Theatre as a science lab – shows effect of the environmentb.vii.2.Influencesb.vii.2.a.Charles Darwin – biological standpointb.vii.2.a.i.Genetically adapt to environmentb.vii.2.a.ii.Shaped by our worldb.vii.2.b.Karl Max – economic influencesb.vii.2.b.i.Determined by economic statuesb.vii.3.Dramatized social determinationb.vii.3.a.Scene are depicted very realistically b.vii.4.Example: Cops
3.Comedy – comes from Comus, a Greek God of festivitya. Aristotle a.i.Comedy represents men as worse as they are.a.ii.Tragedy represents them better b.Henri Bergsonb.i.Nothing is comic outside of what is exclusively humanb.ii.Insensibility accompanies laughterb.iii.Laughter needs companyb.iv.Comedy is culturally specificb.v.Super imposes the mechanical on the livingb.vi.Two psychological theoriesb.vi.1.Establishment of superiorityb.vi.1.a.