3.5 Memory & Identity III - Building as National Symbol Jrn Utzon Sydney Opera House 1957-1973 1 Vitruvius `match orders to temples by genders

3.5 Memory & Identity III - Building as National Symbol...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 11 pages.

Jørn Utzon, Sydney Opera House, 1957-1973 Building as National Symbol Vitruvius: ‘match’ orders to temples by genders of the gods Buildings should ‘speak’ to viewers, explain identity visually 18th c. France: ‘speaking architecture’ expresses ‘ character C. N. Ledoux : Muse of Theater for actress’s house in Paris Legibility: assumes shared visual & cultural knowledge Reading Architecture Ledoux, Hôtel for Mlle. Guimard, 1770 1 2
Ledoux, Gateway to Chaux, ca. 1780 Ledoux : brand-new industrial town for Royal Saltworks Gateway: rough, cavelike surfaces express sources of salt Designs that equate job & identity: river inspector’s house Utopian community: new institutions, better way of life Character at Chaux Ledoux, House for the River Inspector at Chaux Labrouste : identifies his library by listing authors HOW do we ‘read’ architecture? Not text, but form Henri Labrouste, Library of Ste.-Geneviéve, Paris, 1843-51 Detail of wall inscriptions, Library of Ste.-Geneviéve, Paris Reading a Library 3 4
Semiotics : study of how visual signs communicate meaning Charles Sanders Peirce : signs communicate in three ways Icon: sign appears similar to a referent Index : sign is a physical trace of a referent Symbol : sign represents a referent through convention Semiotics Two postwar mass-produced house designs Semiotics and success: symbolism and memory Buckminster Fuller, Wichita House, 1946 American Dream Homes?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture