Review of Emergency Response Cases

Review of Emergency - Communication Challenges In Emergency Response This review lucidly and succinctly explains the basic communication challenges

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Communication Challenges In Emergency Response This review lucidly and succinctly explains the basic communication challenges that arise after a disaster. By knowing the communication problems that need to be overcome, we can focus our research and writing to how these problems can be solved. A meta-analysis of recent papers was conducted, as well as practical observation of first responder exercises and drills, as well as a workshop discussion among emergency management personnel. There are three categorical challenges of communicating during an emergency. Technological, social, and organizational. A technological challenge that is the most relevant is rapid deployment of communication systems for first responders and workers. Often times power, telephone, and network connectivity will give out during a disaster. Deployment of a new system is hard enough, but if partial communication structures from before remain, it can be extra challenging because these earlier remnants interfere. Another challenge is overcoming multi-organizational radio interoperability issues. Organizations set their radio frequencies differently which makes greatly hinders immediate communication. A solution would be to incorporate dual-use technology (normal and emergency usage) and have built-in-architectural and protocol redundancy (cell phones with WLAN or Bluetooth so local networks can be set up quickly if base station failure occurs). And to restore failures, CalMesh wireless network can be used. A social challenge is that some technology might not be willingly adopted. There are resource constraints for new hardware, software, and training can be very costly. Organizations are not always willing to cough up so much money to train workers in skills they will rarely ever use. Also, each organization has its own language (vocabulary,
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jargon, acronyms) which can interfere in I-O communication. Social science research needs to be done to come up with a comprehensive/universal linguistic framework. An organizational challenge would encompass determining what type of model works best in the situation. A hierarchical model will ensure accountability, but leave wide information gaps across organizations. A flat dynamic model will help in collaboration but it is not scalable. Thus a hybrid of these two needs to be used. A comprehensive understanding of these three challenges in conjunction with each other will help create frameworks for successful disaster management.
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Learning The Lessons of Katrina For the Unexpected Tomorrow This article focuses on Katrina and gives an indepth background, describes the situation, discusses and analyzes the response, and provides guidance for the future. There are many empirical papers which address Katrina and use it as a case study, but
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/04/2008 for the course HIST 221 taught by Professor Allhouse during the Fall '01 term at Gannon.

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Review of Emergency - Communication Challenges In Emergency Response This review lucidly and succinctly explains the basic communication challenges

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