Political Science Study Guide

Political Science Study Guide - Political Science Study...

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Political Science Study Guide 9/28/06 1. Politics -constitutive, fulfill ourselves by participating in the political society 2. Governmen t-individuals and institutions that makes societies rules 3. Representative Democracy a. The will of the larger population expressed through smaller groups if individuals 4. Direct Democracy- a. Political decision are made by the people rather than the elected reps. 5. Parliamentary Democracy- a. Law making and law enforcing branched=one and the same 6. Presidential Democracy- a. A system of government where law making and law enforcing braches of government are separate but equal 7. Evolution Theory - a. the nation evolved from an individual to a what it is today 8. Force theory- a. From a strong man comes a strong nation 9. Social Contract theory- a. A voluntary agreement among individuals to create a government 10. Natural Law- a. That all men have the right to life, liberty, and property, which was later changed to pursuit of happiness, and no government can take that away and that it must protect them or it will not be obeyed. 11. Ideas of- a. John Locke-argued that people have natural rights that no one can take away b. Thomas Hobbes-human beings were constantly driven by their own self- interests and conflict with other human beings. c. Jean-Jacques Rousseau-individuals voluntarily give up some freedoms to obtain benefits of orderly gov. 12. Conservative- a. Limited role for government, less gov. intervention in peoples lives, support for traditional values, and a preference for the status quo. High value on the principle of law and order 13. Modern Liberal a. Political democracy, constitutionally guaranteed civil liberties, political equality, free political competition, separation of church and state. 14. Classical Liberal- a. Gave way to modern or progressive liberalism 15. Moderate a. A person who views fall in the middle of the political spectrum 16. Ideologue- a. An individual who holds very strong political opinions 17. Articles of Confederation- a. The nations first national constitution, which established a notainal form of government following the American Revolution. The Articles provided
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for a confederal form of government in which the central gov. had few powers 18. Weaknesses of AofC- a. No strong cent. Gov b. No power to tax c. No checks and balances d. Almost impossible to change articles e. Large states more representation f. No judicial branch, courts @ state level 19. Shay’s Rebellion a. A rebellion of angry farmers in western Massachusetts in 1786, led by former revolutionary way captain Daniel Shays. Emphasized need for a true national government 20. Constitutional convention- a. The meeting of delegates from the states, held in Philadelphia in 1787 for the purpose of amending the articles. Delegates wrote new constitution that established federal form of Gov. to replace gov system created by articles 21. Virginia Plan a. States should be represented in the new gov. by their population
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Political Science Study Guide - Political Science Study...

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