Poli Sci 102 Study guide exam 1

Poli Sci 102 Study guide exam 1 - Poli Sci 102 Study guide...

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Poli Sci 102 Study guide exam 1 1. Why do we compare? a. To dispel political myths b. Know thyself i. Knowing thyself in turn allows the idea to gain knowledge of other people ii. What is the value of comparison 1. used to prop up policies that are no longer effective 2. the antidote to ethnocentrism(belief that one owns culture is the best) 2. What is the difference between comparative politics and area studies? a. Area studies is the scientific aspects of politics where you live with who you are studying b. Comparative politics-the theory aspect, using others data i. Is one better than the other? 1. no, you need one to do the other ii. What is at stake in this particularly disciplinary debate? 1. the loss of learning about others culture firsthand and being ethnocentric 3. Discuss the comparative method. How do we do comparative political science? a. Very easily i. Mill’s two methods of comparison 1. The method of agreement- simplest and most straightforward method a. Widely considered to be inferior b. Argues that if two or more instances of a phenomenon have one of several causal circumstances in common than that common cause is what is important 2. method proceeds by elimination 3. example 4. problems with the method of Agreement a. cannot establish cause and effect i. no way to determine that just because something happened in one or more instance, it will happen in every relating instance after that b. multiple causation 5. method of difference a. method is a double application of the method of agreement i. need to look at and compare cases with and without outcome b. Example c. problems with this method i. multiple causation 1. How do we know what cause actually caused result in instance with multiple causes?
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4. What is the state? a. The organization that maintains a monopoly of force over a give territory b. comprised of political institutions that generate and execute policy over a given territory i. What makes a state a state? 1. Land, monopoly of force w/in a territory, people, political organization, recognition from other states ii. Discuss the long term evolution of the state in political history, when did it begin, when did it end, et cetera 1. began 1648 treaty of Westphalia a. to end 20 year war between religions b. developed foundation for state system 2. before states there were empires 3. state died out in 18 th and 19 th centuries during the industrial and democratic revolutions 4. in 1970’s Britain and US started using state again as they became competitive national states 5. states are involved in economic development social change and
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Poli Sci 102 Study guide exam 1 - Poli Sci 102 Study guide...

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