CJ 240 Review Test #2.docx - 1 Rates of delinquency by...

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1. Rates of delinquency by gender - Boys = 75% of delinquent arrest rate, 87% of incarceration rate 2. Gender differences in: Biological – hormones, testosterone Socialization: - Girls – socially aggressive, blame self, more self-control - Boys – independent, physically aggressive, externalize anger Cognitive: - Girls - superior verbal skills, deceptive with bad behavior, negotiate - Boys – visual – spatial ability/math ability Personality: - Girls – lower self – esteem, self-aware, better attention span, - Boys – Higher self – esteem, materialistic Emotional: - Girls – Internalize emotions, express sadness & anxiety - Boys – Externalize emotion, Express anger, materialistic 3. Trends in juvenile offending by gender - Males more likely to cope with strain through crime - Males view aggression as appropriate - Males more likely to commit violent, property crimes - Increase in female violent crimes - Girls more likely to be convicted of status offenses - Gender gap is closing - Males more likely to kill male, friend with guns -

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