CJ 225 - Notes .docx - Ch 1 Community corrections embraces...

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Ch. 1 Community corrections embraces: 1) Decentralization between local and state levels of authority 2) Citizen participation in program planning, design, implication, and evaluation 3) Redefinition of the population of offenders of whom incarceration is appropriate 4) Emphasis on rehabilitation through community programs There are many sanctions other than prison, community correction programs are neighborhood based - Non-residential programs – probation, day-reporting centers, home confinement - Residential reentry centers – halfway house, boot camp, work release centers Communities have right to safe streets but must be held responsible for making these streets safe Community policing – law enforcement strategy to get residents involved in making their neighborhoods safer by focusing on crime prevention, nonemergency services, public accountability and decentralized decision making Community - based prosecution – a strategy found on the idea that prosecutors have a responsibility not only to prosecute cases but to solve public safety problems, prevent crimes, and improve public confidence in the justice system Community - based defender services – strategy that provides continuity in representation of indigent defendants and helps them with personal and family problems that can lead to legal troubles Community courts – strategy of harnessing the power of the justice system to hearing criminal cases in the community that are most affected by the case and including that community in case disposition to address local problems The U.S. spends over $52 billion per year to incarcerate 1.5 million adults in prison and 800,000 adults in jail
Evidence Based corrections focuses on sentencing that assesses each offenders risk and then fits that offender with the cheapest and most effective rehabilitation. In order to increase effectiveness and enhance the efficient use of available resources by applying social scientific techniques to study everyday correction procedures Ex) In Mississippi nonviolent offenders are eligible for parole after they serve 25% of their sentence

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