M4S7 Patterns of ThoughtM4S7–Patterns of Thought is a derivative of “Patterns of Thought” provided byLumenLearning. License:CC BY 4.0. M4S1–Patterns of Thought is licensed underCC BY 4.0.“Exercise” is a derivative of “Types of Thinking” FromCollege Successby the University ofMinnesota and is licensed underCC BY-NC-SA.It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without acceptingit.—Aristotle, Greek philosopherWhat Is Thought?“Cogito ergo sum.” This famous Latin phrase comes from French philosopher RenéDescartes in the early 1600s. Translated into English, itmeans “I think, therefore I am.” It’sactually a profound philosophical idea, and people have argued about it for centuries: weexist, and we are aware that we exist, because we think. Without thought or the ability tothink, we don’t exist. Do you agree?Even if you think Descartes got it wrong, most wouldsay that thought is intimately connected to being human and that, as humans, we are allthinking beings.What, then, are thinking and thought? Below are some basic working definitions:•Thinkingis the mental process you use to form associations and models of theworld. When you think, you manipulate information to form concepts, to engage inproblem-solving, to reason, and to make decisions.•Thoughtcan be described as the act of thinking that produces thoughts, whicharise as ideas, images, sounds, or even emotions.Many great thinkers and theorists have dedicated their lives to the study of thought, tryingto understand exactly how humans receive, absorb, generate, and transmit thought—andalso how they learn. One such thinker was Benjamin Bloom, an American educationalpsychologist who was particularly interested how people learn. In 1956, Dr. Bloom chaireda committee of educators that developed and classified a set of learning objectives, whichcameto be known as Bloom’s taxonomy.This classification system has been updated a littlesince it was first developed, but it remains important for both students and teachers inhelping to understand the skills and structures involved in learning.