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936058220-F.15 Nuts

936058220-F.15 Nuts - things to know(midterm review Q's 54...

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things to know (midterm review Q’s) 54. What do grains, legumes and nuts have in common? 55. Wheat, barely, oats, rye, rice and corn are all what type of food? What characteristics do they have in common? 55. What is an endosperm? 56. How is wheat milled and refined? What is special about wheat compared to other grains? Why is rye bread dense compared to wheat? 57. What are some common uses for grains like oats, rye and barley? 58. Name some common legumes used as food 59. Name three distinct categories of nuts. How do most nuts differ from legumes and grains? How does this property impact their value as a food staple in the diet?
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Common Nuts:
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Common Nuts:
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Common Nuts:
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Grains, Legumes, and Nuts Are all edible seeds Like eggs, they contain food for the developing plant embryo Often high in protein & either carbohydrates or fats Spoil less than other sources of protein like milk, eggs or meat Provides two thirds of the world’s protein intake
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Grains, Legumes, and Nuts. Health hazards: Common food allergens (peanuts, soybeans etc.) Gluten sensitivity (celiac disease) Food poisoning (moldy bread)
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Grains (Cereals) Definitions and characteristics Includes wheat, barley, oats, rye, rice, maize(corn), etc. All are plants in the grass family Produce many small, separate, dry fruits(kernels or grains) Sometimes we remove the coat or hull 55. Wheat, barley, oats, rye, rice, and corn are all what type of food? What characteristics do they have in common?
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Grains Structure Bran - Fibrous, protective coating Germ or embryo- Contains a lot of oils, minerals, proteins & vitamins Endosperm -Stores most of the starches and proteins 55. What is an endosperm?
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Grains
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