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FST1 Freggies - Plant Basics Plants are autotrophic(self...

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Plant Basics Plants are autotrophic (self- nourished) Animals & fungi are heterotrophic (“other”- nourished)
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Plant Basics Photosynthesis: green pigment chlorophyll (found in chloroplasts) is principle photoreceptor CO 2 + H 2 0 + (light) energy sugar (glucose) + 0 2
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Chlorophyll in plants ~ heme (hemoglobin) in humans
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The cell structure Unique for plants cells: - Cell wall: - Chloroplast:
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Structure Texture of plants depends on Thickness and type of cell walls. Amount of water in the cell. Color depends on # of plastids Chloroplasts (Chlorophyll) Taste & nutritive value depends on the contents of the storage vacuoles
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Fruit or Vegetable? Fruit = derived from the ovary; surrounds the seeds Vegetable = other parts of the plant stem (asparagus, celery) roots (beets, carrot, radish) leaves (lettuce, spinach) flowers (broccoli, artichoke)
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Fruit Families Citrus (Lemon, Grapefruit, Orange) Rose Family Pome (Apples, Pears) Stone/ Drupes (Cherry, Plum, Peach) Berries (Black, Rasp, Strawberries) Squash Family (Melons) Miscellaneous (Banana, Blueberry, Fig, Date, Grape, Kiwi, Pineapple)
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Fruits Jack Fruit
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More fruits…
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Vegetable Families Fungi (Mushrooms, Truffles) Root Vegetables (Beets) Cabbage Family (Radish, Turnip) Carrot Family (Carrot, Parsnip) Tuber (Potato, Yams, Water Chestnuts)
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Vegetable Families Leaf and Stem Vegetables Lily Family (Asparagus, Leek, Onion) Cabbage Family (Sprouts, Cabbage) Daisy Family (Lettuce, Dandelion) Others (Bamboo Shoots, Celery, Rhubarb, Spinach Flower Vegetables Cabbage Family (Broccoli, Cauliflower) Daisy Family (Artichoke)
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Vegetables which are Fruits Squash Family (Cucumber, Pumpkin, Squash)
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  • Spring '08
  • Reid
  • non-nutritive plant chemicals, ·Cabbage Family, ·Fat soluble pigments, ·Water soluble pigments, Plant Basics Photosynthesis

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