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1HDF 304 Exam 1 Review§ Definition of the Family- According to the US Census Bureau: Group of relatedpeople living together- Household: group of people living together in a house unit (unrelated)- sociological perspective(abstract definition): family deals with reproduction and care and support for children and adults§ How has the family changed over the years? o Reasons for marriage- marrying for love is a new, modern idea- arranged marriages■political intrigues (ex: bring together powerful families, unite kingdoms, settle old debts)■economical arrangements/exchanges (father sold daughter in many ways, daughter came with a dowry)-lower class families-■for survival (both adults have to work to make a living) ■(Pre-industrial): to have children (for workers) Transformative: Children now play more than worko Functions of family (The Think book lists 7 things under Functions of Family. Do you guys think this is relevant? A: think book is irrelevant to all exams)- public to private●families use to run businesses together, farms, etc. ●now typically families work independently of each other●no longer the same contract for production as part of society - children of middle/upper class of the US didn’t work at all ■recent evidence shows that children are performing fewer and fewer chores■more economic dependent: children play more than work ■rates of childbirth have decreased with this change o Gender Roles within the family- changed multiple times - women historically work outside the house■often in “female” roles- power change■can be witnessed in dating, particularly after the invention of the automobile- Great Depression■men and women took jobs in various areas■laws favored men working: 1932 - law that only one spouse could work (men earned more money)●"Rosie the Riveter"Campaign: ○Women praised for working outside the home in traditionally male-dominated positions■- WWII
2■major shift in roles of women ■women actively pursued to work outside their homes such as factories, etc.- 1950’s■reversal version of female gender roles■family consisted of male money maker, female homemaker■guys could get homes so ownership goes up ■females stay at home, females exit workplace at a very rapid rate■stay at home and raise children ■expectations of women: Based on the “Good wife’s guide”●have dinner ready for his return from work - shows that you have been thinking about him or thinking about his needs●cook for him, entertain him●what he has to say is more important●if he comes home late, that is a minor issue compared to what he has to do at work●make him comfortable, have drink ready for him ●recommended to tidy yourself up and look pretty § Know why the “Golden 1950’s” weren’t actually so golden●many men suffered post-traumatic stress from war●many men felt the burden of being sole breadwinner●women were often viewed as secondary to men●domestic violence against women was high, but often went unreported○sometimes considered acceptable●depression among women was at an all-time high