Pulse Atlas - National Issues 2019-20 - Contents BIOSPHERE RESERVE 3 1 BIOSPHERE RESERVES IN INDIA 3 2 INDIAN SITE IN WORLD NETWORK OF BIOSPHERE

Pulse Atlas - National Issues 2019-20 - Contents...

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1 Contents BIOSPHERE RESERVE 3 1. B IOSPHERE RESERVES IN I NDIA ...................................................................................................................... 3 2. I NDIAN SITE IN W ORLD NETWORK OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE ........................................................................ 4 UNESCO HERITAGE SITES 5 1. N ATURAL H ERITAGE SITE ............................................................................................................................... 5 2. C ULTURAL H ERITAGE SITE .............................................................................................................................. 5 3. M IXED H ERITAGE S ITE .................................................................................................................................... 6 RAMSAR WETLANDS 8 1. L IST OF R AMSAR SITES IN I NDIA ..................................................................................................................... 8 2. N EW R AMSAR SITES FROM I NDIA ................................................................................................................... 9 NATIONAL WATERWAYS 10 1. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 1 .............................................................................................................................. 10 2. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 2 .............................................................................................................................. 11 3. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 3 .............................................................................................................................. 11 4. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 4 .............................................................................................................................. 12 5. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 5 .............................................................................................................................. 13 6. N ATIONAL WATERWAY 6 .............................................................................................................................. 14 PLACES IN NEWS 16 1. A SSAM ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 2. J AMMU & K ASHMIR ....................................................................................................................................... 21 3. A NDHRA P RADESH ......................................................................................................................................... 27 4. K ARNATAKA ................................................................................................................................................... 32 5. B IHAR ............................................................................................................................................................. 38 6. K ERALA ........................................................................................................................................................... 41 7. U TTAR P RADESH ........................................................................................................................................... 45 8. T RIPURA ......................................................................................................................................................... 49 9. O DISHA ........................................................................................................................................................... 50 10. A RUNACHAL P RADESH ................................................................................................................................ 54 11. N AGALAND ................................................................................................................................................... 59 12. T AMIL N ADU ................................................................................................................................................ 61 13. R AJASTHAN .................................................................................................................................................. 66 14. G UJARAT ...................................................................................................................................................... 70 15. M IZORAM ..................................................................................................................................................... 74 16. W EST B ENGAL ............................................................................................................................................. 76 17. U TTARAKHAND ........................................................................................................................................... 79 18. H IMACHAL P RADESH .................................................................................................................................. 85 19. L ADAKH ....................................................................................................................................................... 88 20. M ANIPUR ..................................................................................................................................................... 92 21. M EGHALAYA ................................................................................................................................................ 94 22. H ARYANA ..................................................................................................................................................... 96 23. G OA .............................................................................................................................................................. 98 24. A NDAMAN AND N ICOBAR ........................................................................................................................... 99
2 25. M ADHYA P RADESH .................................................................................................................................. 102 26. D AMAN AND D IU ...................................................................................................................................... 107 27. S IKKIM ...................................................................................................................................................... 108 28. D ELHI ........................................................................................................................................................ 111 29. C HANDIGARH ............................................................................................................................................ 112 30. P UNJAB ..................................................................................................................................................... 113 31. C HHATTISGARH ........................................................................................................................................ 115
3 BIOSPHERE RESERVE The Indian government has established 18 biosphere reserves in India which protect larger areas of natural habitat than a typical national park or animal sanctuary , and often include one or more national parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the protected region, but also to the human communities who inhabit these regions, and their ways of life . 1. Biosphere reserves in India
4 2. Indian site in World network of biosphere reserve In 1968, UNESCO organized the Biosphere Conference , which saw the beginning of the concept of a “Biosphere Reserve”. This was the first intergovernmental conference examining how to reconcile conservation and use of natural resources, thus foreshadowing the present-day notion of sustainable development. This conference resulted in the launching of the UNESCO "Man and the Biosphere" (MAB) Programme in 1970 . One of the original MAB projects consisted in establishing a coordinated World Network of sites representing the main ecosystems of the planet in which genetic resources would be protected, and where research on ecosystems as well as monitoring and training work could be carried out. T hese sites were named as "Biosphere Reserves” . Biosphere reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems promoting solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use . They are internationally recognized , nominated by national governments and remain under sovereign jurisdiction of the states where they are located. Biosphere reserves serve in some ways as “ living laboratories ” f or testing out and demonstrating integrated management of land, water and biodiversity.

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