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Chapter 1 Notes20:48Introduction to Industrial/ Organizational Psychology Industrial/ Organizational Psychology: a field of both scientific research and professional practice that aims to further the welfare of people by understanding the behavior of individuals and organizations in the workplace, helping individuals pursue meaningful and enriching work, and assisting organizations in the effective management of their human resources. Occupational health psychology: a field of research and practice that is based at least partially on I/O psychology and is concerned with the health and safety of individuals at work.Scientist- practitioner perspective: the view that I/O psychology focuses on both scientific research and applied professional practice. Army alpha: a measure of cognitive ability developed for placement of U.S soldiers during World War 1Army Beta: a nonverbal intelligence test developed for placement of U.S soldiers during World War 1 Job analysis: a way of understanding job tasks and requirements through systematic analysisHawthorne effect: the suggestion that any intervention will have the desired effectCritical incident technique: a widely used technique of job analysis developed by FlanaganAssessment Centre: a widely used selection technique originally developed to select potential spiesM test: a Canadian cognitive ability test developed during world war 2Cyber aggression: the expression of aggression through computer mediated communication e.g. emailPresenteeism: the notion that individuals show up to work even though they might be sick and not capable of working up to their normal standard
Chapter 2 Notes20:48Scientific Methods – certain pages to readPage 28: Operational DefinitionsPages 48-49: Factors Affecting Validity Coefficients Pages 49-51: Bias and FairnessPages 53-54: Research in Organizational SettingsOperational definitions: define abstract constructs in terms of specific procedures and measuresVariables: events, objects, people or phenomena that vary in amount, degree or kind with respect to certain aspectsRange restriction: the reduction in the size of validity coefficient due to the selection processMeasurement error: the size of a validity coefficient cannot exceed the reliability of the measure used to obtain the dataSampling error: the validity coefficient based on a sample is an estimate of what the coefficient is in the entire populationBias: systematic errors in measurement, or inferences made from measurements, that are