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Reli 10023--LahutskySpring 2010Final Study GuideThe final exam will be comprehensive. Don't panic; but do study. Your study will be more effective if you study each of the religious traditions in a separate block of time--focusing on key events or concepts and putting the pieces together into a coherent picture. Writing an essay for yourself on each tradition is a good strategy. (Or, try to explain it to someone who hasn’t studied religion.) Then go on to another tradition. Think about myth (3 hermeneutical tools), ritual (Eliade & Berger), symbol (Tillich), etc., in connection with what we learned about Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; Molloy can help here. As always, study both to remember details and to perceive connections and comparisons among the details. Those connections you develop will help you be more effective in your study.**Pay attention to foundational dates and books belonging to particular traditions.**Foundational date: Abraham getting the Covenant (c. 1800 B.C.)Ways to study religion--sociological, psychological, historical, and phenomenological approaches (and M. Weber, S. Freud & C. Jung, M. Eliade as representatives of 3 of these.) E. B. Tylor, B. Malinowski, M. Eliade and their theories about religion. Must be able to recognize (maybe need to draw on one of these in an essay)Natural religious community, voluntary religious community, the 7 characteristics of a sect, cults (new religious movements) and their characteristics. Be able to explain the differences between a sect and a cult. (Omit 7 types of sects.)Sect is exclusive and cults aren’t necessarilyCults tend to focus on individuality, and sects tend to deal with communityCults = new religious movementsCults are eclectic and sects tend to not be but are exclusiveMyth--4 types (cosmological, ontological, eschatological, and etiological) and 3 ways to interpret. Hermeneutics. Religious rituals--P. Berger's theory of interpretation. Eliade's interpretation of rituals. Types of ritual & how the holy is made known in each. Life-cycle rituals, life-crisis rituals, calendar rituals. Paul Tillich on religious symbol. Rudolf Otto and the mysterium tremendum. Eliade on the sacred/profane distinction.