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CJ exam 2 review - Chapter 7 The function of police Police...

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Chapter 7 The function of police Police work-dramatic confrontations between police and lawbreakers, with victory going to those with more strength, power and resources. The role of police Most police work is peacekeeping operation. Police work encompasses preventive and protective roles as well, for peacekeeping also includes patrol, which lessens opportunities to commit crimes. Finally, police work involves many other tasks that are often routine, time consuming. Such activities include maintaining extended surveillances, transporting suspects, protecting witnesses, writing arrest and other reports, and testifying in court. Even the law enforcement aspects of police work do not always involve “dangerous crime.” Of millions of arrests each year in the US, only about 20% involve the more serious crimes. A third of arrests are for lesser crimes, and another 10% for drugs. The right to use force The peacekeeping role is what mainly separates the functions of police from those of private citizens. This role involves the legitimate right to use force in situations whose urgency requires it. The law does recognize that there are times when something has to be done immediately, when resort to the courts or other mechanisms of dispute settlement would take too long and the damage would already be done. Police force have been established to handle such situations; the idea is that it is better to have a small group of people(police) with a monopoly on the legitimate right to use force than to allow anyone with a club, gun, knife, or chain saw to use force is such immediately demanding situations. The police bureaucracy Virtually every police organization is the Western world is structured on a military model. Moreover, police departments are bureaucracies. Division of Labor Each separate responsibility falls within a specific unit, and the designated tasks of one division are not to be carried out by others. Divisions are narcotics, labor relations, air support, detective services, and personnel and training. Chain and units of Command In theory at least, individual orders, requests, or any other types of information should flow up or down through each level of the organizations hierarchy, and no level of supervision or command should be bypassed. Ranks and titles include officers, commanders, sergeants, lieutenants, captains, majors, chiefs , and sometimes even colonels . Functional units include bureaus , which are composed of divisions , and these, in turn, can include sections, forces or squads . Territorial units may be called posts (fixed locations to which officers are assigned for duty ), routes or beats (small areas assigned for patrol purposes), sectors (areas containing two or more posts, routes or beats), and districts and areas (large geographic subdivisions). Time units include watches and shifts , and the officers assigned to a particular watch or shift are members of a platoon or company.
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