1001040072_NguyenMinh_Workshop2 - NguyenMinh_3C10 PJM...

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NguyenMinh_3C10 PJM WORKSHOP 2 1. What does it mean to take a “systems view” of a project? Why is it important to take such a view of a project in project management? It means taking a holistic view of a project and to understand how it realates to the larger organization. Project managers must follow a systems philosophy (overall model for thinking about things as a system) to understand how systems relate to the whole organization. To view a project with a systems perspective is to see the whole internal and external operational landscape in which the project will be functioning. To develop and implement a project without considering the holistic view of the organization, the systems approach, will likely fail to bring the proposed benefits to the organization because the complete, possibly unintended impact of the project has not been fully considered on the entire system. Also, the project may actually hinder the organizational goals and cause real losses. 2. List the four frames of organization. Give a possible scenario to show how a project manager (with an understanding of the four frames) will have a better chance of succeeding in the project he or she manages . The structural frame explains how the organization is structured and focuses on the roles and responsibilities of different groups in order to meet goals and policies set by top management. The human resources frame focuses on ensuring harmony between the needs of the organization and the needs of the people. The political frame deals with organizational and personal politics. And the symbolic frame deals with symbols and meanings, in other words not what happened at or during an event but what it means. Project managers must be able to work within all of these organizational
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