Glob1NotesPart2 - Decline of colonialism 3:25:00 PM 1914 80...

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Decline of colonialism 08/11/2007 18:25:00 1914, 80% of the world was owned as a colony by a foreign power Distinctions about colonialism Anti= resistance to colonialism De=relinquishment of colonies Neo=colonialism by “other means” Post= colonialism’s effect on states, psyches, discourses on colonized people Colonialism and imperialism Colonialism- ancient form of imperialist exploitation that developed new forms  with capitalist expansion of Europe over 400 years Associated with planting and rule of colonies in distant territories Colonialism rule is reinforced by an ideology This ideology reflects the practice, theory and attitudes of dominating  metropolitan center and is tailored to the governance and domination of  subject peoples.  Ideology of colonialism  Based on a hierarchy of difference Hierarchy of difference is employed to prevent fair and equitable exchanges-  political, economic, social, cultural- between center and colony Colonial hierarchy of difference is reinforced by the idea of “civilization” Colonialism and the idea of “civilization” Idea of civilization= achieved state of condition of organized social life Associated with systems of social stratification “civilization” assumed to be acquired in several different ways: blood, history,  society, achievement  historical precedents o Greece invents idea of “barbarian”, outsider o Rome extends idea to subordinated classes o Used by authorities: Aristotle, Bible, John Locke o By 18 th  century “civilization” linked to notions of refinement and  superiority
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Advantages of “civilization” (J.S. Mill) “Multiplication of physical comforts Advancement and diffusion of knowledge Decline of superstition Softening of manners
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Glob1NotesPart2 - Decline of colonialism 3:25:00 PM 1914 80...

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