Phil 104-9-13-II

Problem if morals can be rationally known why would

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Unformatted text preview: of certain statements Theological – duties commaned by higher moral Rationalistic duties admit of rational analysis (Plato, Kant) o Moral cognitivism – morals determined by rational deliberation Connection between morals and rationality implies universality of morals – transcultural/transhistorical Socratic Moral Intellectualism o Socrates was a proponent of an extreme form of moral intellectualism Problem: If morals can be rationally known, why would someone be immoral? To know the truth of morality is to act morally • Immorality connected to ignorance/ Akrasia (weakness of the will) o Eudaimonism – happiness as morality For Socrates this implies living in accordance with reason and virtue Moral action sometimes requires sacrificing happiness though o Does moral action require philosophical reflection? For Plato/Socrates: yes – philosophical reflection is at the center of moral life 3 Dialogues/3 Questions o Euthyphro Morality/Religion – Can we be moral without God? • For Plato yes, morality precedes religion o Apology What is the moral life?  ­  ­  ­ 2 •  ­  ­  ­  ­  ­  ­ Unexamined life not worth living – need to constantly reflect on morals o Crito What is citizenship? – Socratic citizenship Aristotle o Born in Macedonia 384 BCE o 367 goes...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2013 for the course PHI 104 taught by Professor Roberteason during the Spring '07 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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