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Part A(a) Be sure to include basic information about the text, including the author, purpose, date, and historical context. (b) Explain the significance of this text in relationship to key concepts covered in the course (c) Identify key ideas in the excerpt you have been given and relate it to the ideas in the larger document from which the excerpt has been taken. (d) Trace the relationship of these ideas to other themes and primary sources discussed in this course.the Nuremburg Laws BackgroundSept 1935 Hitler announces new race laws: (HANDOUT)●written in September 1935●They present the anti-Jewish legislation, increasing coerced emigration●Continued separation between Jews and Arian citizens●Key ideas --- Separation, honor●Could be related to the medieval Spanish laws●Mein Kamf also states ideas of racial purity and separationContextSignificance of Nuremberg Laws:●Explains why a lot of Jews didn’t leave Germany, believed they could they survive as they had before but they DID make plans for immigration but they planned that they had too much time—made them understand there was no future for Jews in Germany but there was no foundation or evidence that Nazis were going to exterminate the Jews from 25-pt plan or Nuremburg laws●Nazis are officially defining citizenship on the basis of race●Reasonable for public to see what platform is but couldn’t see what they were going to do while in office●Laws about preventing racial mixing, but it doesn’t say WHAT a Jew is, department of interior—racial experts—spent the next month or so defining Jews for these laws specifically●Party radicals said we have to use definition from 1933: even if there is one grandparent who’s non-aryan constitutes one as being non-Aryan●Department of interior people were more liberal and moderate, less racial purist position●Definition that Hitler himself chose: 3 and 4 Jewish grandparents makes you definitely a Jew, 1 Jewish grandparent—not a Jew/they were Aryan or German. Hitler rejected drop of non-aryan blood= non-aryan. If you had 2 aryan and 2 Jewish grandparents then it depended on the individual: if you and you are identified Jewish (married to a Jew/belonged to Jewish community) but if you have 2 Jewish grandparents but you’re not married to Jew and are not associated with Jewish community then you are considered German. These half Jews were called Mischlingeor half breeds—they do receive more leniency in extermination then full Jews
●Logic contrasts that converting out of Judaism is not possible but this it seems you sort of can—ultimately used religious identity to define race.●Hitler was worried about people opposing this law so he wanted to make it more liberal and rebelling, he was worried about public opinion, he didn’t fully have all the people behind him (1935)—even in a brutal dictatorship they never had complete control of public and they operated on secret public polls to help stay in power—good political decision on his part.