Intro to American Gov't Chapter 9 (1).pptx - Interest...

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Interest Groupsand PoliticalPartiesCHAPTER 9
Chapter OverviewLearn what interest groups do—and how they do it.Reflect on whether interest groups wield too much power.Learn about the role of political parties in governing America.Explore the two-party US system.Investigate why people identify with one party (or why they don’t).Analyze a paradox: why Americans embrace parties and reject partisanship.Reflect on whether the U.S. has grown too partisan-or not.
What is an InterestGroup?Aninterest groupis defined as an organizationwhose goal is to influence government.Aspecial interestis a pejorative term used todescribe an interest group which one does not support.200,000 interest groups are active in American politics.What is alobbyist?A lobbyist is a paid professionalwho contacts government officials on behalf of aparticular cause or issue.
Private Interest Groups: 3Functions1.Informmembers about politicaldevelopmentsYour eyes and ears in Washington.2.Communicatemembers views togov’t officials3.Mobilizegroups of people (thepublic) to act politically
Public InterestGroupsPublic Interest LobbyistRep of organization that seeks to benefit thepopulation at largeNo specific clientThree ways Public Interest Groups facilitateSupport1.Material Benefits:items distributed by groups toget you to sign up or remain a member.2.Expressive Benefits:group represents values thisits members share, such as social justice.3.Solidary Benefits:The feeling of sharedcommitment and purpose.
Interest Groups Affect On Democracy: 3Views1.Pluralists:gov’t policies will roughly correspond topublic desires as long as system is open to amultitude of interests.2.Hyperpluralists:because there are so manyinterest groups the entire system is being boggeddown in a stalemate.3.Power Elite Theory:the richest and most powerfulinterests have a dominating influence on policy.125 billion dollar bank bailout.1 million people lost their homesBusiness lobby = 53% of groups and 72% of moneyspent.

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Term
Fall
Professor
jones
Tags
Coalition government, Political history of the United States, Party system

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