Sartre’s Existentialism: Nausea1963 Comic Book inspired by SartreDebate: Descartes’ Dualism vs Sartre’s NihilismWhat is Sartre’s ANALOGY for understanding the nature of reality?Existence is like…
What is Existentialism? “Existence is not something that lets itself be thought from a distance: it must invade you suddenly, master you, weigh heavily on your heart like a great motionless beast – or else there is nothing more at all.” – Sartre in Nausea1. POLL: What’s your First Reaction to “Existentialism” from reading Jean-Paul Sartre’s “Nausea” and watching the BBC documentary “Human, All Too Human: Sartre”?A.PositiveB.Super Skeptical, but interestedC.Worried about the consequences for the Good LifeD.Existentialist thinking is the root of Evil!E. Whatever (I didn’t do the reading or watch the film) EXISTENTIALISM: philosophical overviewMetaphysicsEpistemologyEthicsNihilism: There is no given order of Subjectivism: truthMake your life a work of
reality; there is only chaos and flux upon which humans must impose/invent/create an order.Nietzsche: “God is dead.” Reality is created via “Will to power” = Individual freedom to interpret your situation and choose your interpretation and course of action; not a solid entity that persists thru time. There is no human nature.“Existence precedes essence”Reality is absurd, meaningless, and nauseating is relative.Truth strikes via epiphany.Hence, literature (art, poetry) is the best vehicle for conveying the reality of existence.Science is a “death-affirming” story, or interpretation of reality.art.– NietzscheInvent/create yourself:“A man is what he wills himself to be.”Authenticity: In the absence of a given moral order, create and keep faith with the values you choose.BBC Human, All Too Human -- Sartre2. According to the video, Sartre declared, “we were never as free as when we were under German occupation.” A. TrueB. False3. OPINION: Do you agree/disagree with Sartre’s view that you are most free when under the Nazi gun?A.AgreeB.Disagree
4. According to the BBC video on Sartre’s Existentialism, the following are true, except:A. Sartre thinks of freedom as authenticity.B. Sartre embodied freedom by doing what was prohibited, defying conventions, e.g dancing to jazz andresisting marriage.C.Existentialist freedom eliminates excuses and blaming others; it makes youthe responsible agent: what you choose is creatingreality according to y/our values. D.Sartre struggled to reconcile the individual freedom of existentialism with the collective freedom of socialism.E. Sartre accepted the Nobel Prize for Literature for Nausea. OUTLINE the METAPHYSICS DEBATE:DUALISM NIHILISMDESCARTESSARTREEssence precedes ExistenceExistence precedes EssenceFirst Truth: I exist.What am I?