2nd Wave Failures & Sucesses

2nd Wave Failures & Sucesses - Pilar Mitchell February...

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Pilar Mitchell February 18, 2008 Notes 10 History: pre-revolution 19 th Amendment 1920’s-1960’s Second Wave Accomplishments and Failures – 7 successes, 2 failures 1. States Commissions: 2. Equal Education Title IX – a lot of the second wave of feminism is establishing equality in different realms – how women can accomplish equality in educational realms Women and men achieving education equality has been the pursuit of women since the beginning of feminism. In terms of history of most advanced democracies, that women and men were being educated for distinct purposes often up into the 20 th century (as read in Wollstonecraft). Educated to succeed in their own life, and be economic and political equals. Title IX does a variety of things part of a larger Amendment called Federal Education Amendment – says no person in the united states, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance” Issues Title IX has changed: Courses could not be provided separately to men and women, Schools could not discriminate against pregnant women, 1978 mandated that educational institutions provide equal opportunity to men and women in athletic programs* (mandate said Institutions were to offer equal spending on men’s and women’s sports. Teams were to receive equivalent treatment based on a number of options, like when teams travel they get the same accommodations, same wealth of coaching staff, and locker facilities. If schools do not comply, they lose federal assistance). - Stats show women make up the majority of students in colleges and universities, which is a success of equal education in 1957 women made up 35.6% of student body and in 200 they are 56.1%. 3. Equal Pay: Equal Employment Title VII Wal-mart and Title VII of 1964 Civil Rights Act : - 1998 EEOC complaint: family wage and Hooters – Wal mart has been at the end of an EEOC inquiry in recent years Title VII, if a woman feels as though she has been discriminated at her workplace she can lobby a complaint to the EEOC. Most EEOC claims don’t go to court, because they get the workplace to right the wrong, but if its significant or cannot be solved without trial, then it is taken to court. - Dukes v. Wal-mart (sex discrimination in pay and promotion) – in the late 90’s, case where a woman came upon a male co-workers who was making more money then her, and her superior at Wal-mart said that it was because he was supporting a family. She actually was a single mother (Dukes) and
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wanted to make a court case against this. In 2004, a California judge said that women who were in the similar situation as Duke’s could stand together and sue Wal-mart. It is currently still in the process as of 2008. 4.
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2nd Wave Failures & Sucesses - Pilar Mitchell February...

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