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Running head: QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 1Quantitative Research and Ethical ConsiderationsGrand Canyon UniversityFebruary 10, 2019
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 2Quantitative Research and Ethical ConsiderationsCentral venous catheters (CVC) are access devices placed either at the end or near the entry of the heart. A CVC is usually placed to administer fluids, hemodynamic monitoring, administer medications, or to administer total parenteral nutrition. Central lines are used in patients that require medications for long periods of time. There are times when patients go home with central lines so that they are able to receive antibiotics required. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) is a terrible complication. Bacteria goes into the bloodstream through a central line catheter causing a CLABSI. It is confirmed through performing laboratory work. The infection happens within 48 hours of a central line being placed and is unrelated to the infection happening at another site. There are thousands of deaths annually due to CLABSIs. It also results in costing the healthcare system billions of dollars (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Considering that central line-associated bloodstream infections are preventable, it is significantly prevalent. Due to the high prevalence, Curlej & Katrancha (2016) conducted a study to determine whether preventive measures decrease CLABSI rates. Background of StudyCentral venous catheters have been used more often in the last few years. This has led to CLABSI rates increasing. As stated by Curlej & Katrancha (2016), “CLABSIs result in prolonged stays in intensive care unit (ICU) with medical costs averaging an additional $11,971 per patient.” In the United States, hospitals have accrued approximately 2.3 million dollars in costs due to central line-associated bloodstream infections.