history 177 final

History 177 final - Gable Parigian History 177 Final Exam The Phenomenal Growth of California The phenomenal growth of California is in large part

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Gable Parigian History 177 Final Exam 12-14-07 The Phenomenal Growth of California The phenomenal growth of California is in large part due to such factors as the gold rush. The gold rush started due to a couple of lucky individuals who discovered it purely because they happened to be in the right place at the right time. These men were named John Sutter and James Marshall and Sutter had a good business going even before they discovered the gold. John Sutter would welcome immigrants to California and sell them materials from his fort. But, he wanted to build a saw mill and there weren’t any in California at this time. So, he hired James Marshall to build a saw mill and this was how the gold was discovered. Marshall was digging a trench for the saw mill and in the process saw that there was gold underneath the ground. Sutter intelligently didn’t want anybody else to know about their good fortune but, soon the word got out. A man by the name of Sam Brannan, who was a merchant that sold material out of Sutter’s fort, told people that there was gold found in the Sierras. Soon about three-quarters of the people living in San Francisco left their homes in order to mine the gold. And people from Oregon, Hawaii, and other areas surrounding the Sierras also went in 1848; along with natives of Mexico. In total about four to five thousand people traveled to the location in the Sierras at this time in order to hopefully strike it rich. These people were rightly called the 48er’s and they discovered more gold than any of the others that came at a later time. In fact, gold was so abundant at this time in the Sierras that these people could even use a spoon or knife to collect it. Furthermore, this lead to the man by the name of Thomas Larkin, who was the United States counsel to California, to go and visit these great gold fields. He discovered to his surprise that miners were making fifty to sixty dollars a day which was a huge sum of money in those days. And he even saw that a couple of men made seventeen-thousand dollars in one week, an extremely large amount of money. This made Larkin propose that the gold would last a century and the news of this spread around the
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world making thousands of people come to California. Many of the people came by such routes as the Oregon Trail, Spanish Trail, various water routes, and the Panama Canal. Overall, about thirty to forty thousand people came by sea and twenty-five to thirty-five thousand by land. They were all part of the gold rush that mostly lasted from 1849-1852 and were called the 49ers. There were regions of gold such as the Trinity and Shasta areas, the Feather River area, and one called the Mother Lode. Here as in other areas the people that were mining the gold were about ninety-percent male. This was due to the rough and primitive conditions of these regions where there was no real shelter and food was hard to come by. For instance, they’d sometimes sleep in a brush shelter which, doesn’t protect very well from the elements of weather
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 177 taught by Professor Graves during the Fall '07 term at UCSB.

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History 177 final - Gable Parigian History 177 Final Exam The Phenomenal Growth of California The phenomenal growth of California is in large part

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