Lect 18 CVD Part 2

307 18 typical response to diet in free living

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Unformatted text preview: 11, p. 307 18 Typical Response To Diet In Free Living Subjects Response is variable depending on usual diet is variable depending on usual diet prior to starting modified diet • Step I diet – 3 to 10% LDL cholesterol lowering • Step II diet/TLC diet – 5 to 15% LDL cholesterol lowering 19 Diet Recommendations Nutrient Step I Step II TLC* versus US Diet Total Fat <30 <30 25-35 34 <10 <7 <7 12 (% of Energy) <15 <15 <20 13 PUFA (% of Energy) (% <10 <10 <10 <10 7 Cholesterol (mg/d) <300 <200 <200 270 CHO >55 >55 50-60 51 15 15 15 15 Sat Fat Mono Pro (% of Energy) (% of Energy) (% of Energy) (% of Energy) Fiber (g/d) Total energy 20-30 To achieve and maintain a desirable weight *TLC as per NCEP ATP III; consistent with 2001 AHA recommendations & Dietary Guidelines 20 Comparison of dietary fats Fat SFA MUFA PUFA Chol Canola oil 6 62 31 0 Safflower oil 9 12 78 0 Corn oil 13 25 62 0 Olive oil oil 14 77 9 0 Margarine 18 48 29 0 Vegetable shortening 25 43 25 0 Beef fat 51 44 4 2.8 Palm oil 51 39 10 0 Butter 54 30 12 6.6 Coconut oil 77 6 15 0 There are some plant sources that are high in sat fat (SFA): Palm and 21 Food Food Choices to Achieve Diet Recommendations Recommendations Skim/low Skim/low fat dairy products Lean meat/poultry Lean meat/poultry Fish Fish at least 1 x week Limit Limit visible fats Be aware of & limit hidden fats li hidd Low Low fat snack foods Increase Increase fresh fruits & vegetables Include Include whole grain foods Limit Limit solid fats/animal fats; use oils rich in omega 3 and 6 FA’s, soft margarine Include Include beans, nuts, soy protein foods 22 Role of Lipids and the Innate Immune System in Cardiovascular Disease in Cardiovascular Disease Omega-3 Omega-6 Omega-9 Linolenic acid Linolenic acid (18:3) Linoleic acid Linoleic acid (18:2) Oleic...
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This document was uploaded on 02/25/2013.

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