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Unformatted text preview: 1. Introduction ← Quiz 1: chapter 1, 2 and beginning of 3 ← Quiz 2: no longer on March 4 th , now on March 11 th ← ← Adolescence 12-18 (or 21) • Notion has occurred recently, in the last century • We will be looking at the development of it and why some develop normally and why others take a path in a completely different direction ←- Images of Youth • Jeffrey Dahmer o Troubled childhood, etc… so the temptation that we have is to say “of course he ended up like that”, but that is not the correct way of doing things o If we look at all the kids who have been abused/neglected, etc… a lot still develop normally • Alice Walker o Fought racism o Had a difficult childhood: poverty, etc..., but did not end up a mass murderer why? ←- Why does one LD adolescent leave school while another one struggles to succeed? • Learning disability is a person is of average or above average intelligence but has difficulties in school in certain areas • 8% of students with LD are diagnosed with dyslexia • Will be talking about the neurological makeup of individuals the source of a lot of difficulties for students o Ex. Used to think autism was a result of cold mothering, but now know that it has a neurological basis (not social, but biological) ←- Why does one child resort to drugs and another doesn’t? • People tend to self-medicate ←- Why do some girls develop eating disorders while others do not? • People blame “the culture”, but if that was the case then 99% of girls would have an eating disorder ← ← Adolescent ←- Historically, Plato and Aristotle first started talking about adolescence • Said it was when you developed scientific and mathematical thinking ←- Today the notion of adolescence reflects the way we think • This changed at the beginning of the 1900s when compulsory schooling took effect • It was introduced because they did not want young kids in the job market and wanted to keep them off the street ←- Prior to the 1950s, there was no need for higher education in order to enter the job market • Many of the veterans were provided with educational funds for their children and so higher education was more accessible ←- Theories on adolescent development were never discussed in the past • 20,30 years ago, people thought the brain stopped developing after childhood • Now through MRI, we know it develops through adolescence ←- The field of adolescence crosses many different domains ←- When talking of the theories, we cannot fully say which ones are more right or wrong • They are a framework we use to understand adolescent behavior • She is more comfortable with those that entail behavioral and social cognitive aspects ←- In the book they talk about different types of research that are done ← ← Historical Perspective ←- G. Stanley Hall first started to study A as a science in 1904 • This is considerably newer than any of the other sciences • He was influenced by Darwin and looked at the genetic component...
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- Spring '08
- Theory of cognitive development, Kohlberg's stages of moral development