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3 - HANDOUT STUDENTS Culture, Society and Diversity

3 - HANDOUT STUDENTS Culture, Society and Diversity -...

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CULTURE,  SOCIETY AND  DIVERSITY Sociology 105
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WHAT IS MULTICULTURALISM? It is the concentration of many cultures living together in a society.
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WHAT IS CULTURE? It refers to the total lifestyle of a people, including all of the ideas, values, knowledge, behaviors, and material objects that they share. The pattern of values and beliefs formed whenever a group of people spend a period of time together.
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MATERIAL CULTURE Physical objects or artifacts made or used by people. Examples: Stones clubs, jet airplanes, buildings, etc.
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NONMATRIAL CULTURE Language, ideas, knowledge, and behaviors
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OBSERVATION Sociologists and anthropologists rely heavily on the interrelations between material and nonmaterial culture in studying societies that no longer exist. Many earlier people left behind no written records, but from such artifacts as cave paintings, pottery, arrowheads, and burial mounds, investigators have been able to piece together some conception of the nonmaterial cultures of many of these societies.
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BELIEFS AND VALUES The most basic component of culture is beliefs, which are the conceptions people have about what things exist in the world, how they work, and how they are related to one another. VALUES are people’s ideas about what is good or bad, right or wrong. (People use these values as guidelines for choosing goals and judging behaviors.)
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WHAT IS DIVERSITY “The differences among people” The composition of different cultural and ethnic backgrounds, origins, religions, customs and personal appearance.
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What is Cultural Diversity? Can be defined narrowly in terms of race, gender, age or other characteristics, it also includes, in its broadest meanings, such things as sexual orientation, economic status, geographic origin, personal values, lifestyles, education, personality characteristics.
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WHAT IS RACE?
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