4 - 2007 Student Outline Groups and Socialization for class

4 - 2007 Student Outline Groups and Socialization for class...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–17. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
GROUPS – SOCIALIZATON – STRATIFICATION
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A social group: Is two or more people who identify and interact with one another. Human beings come together as couples, families, circles, etc.
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Primary Group According to Charles Horton Cooley, it is a small group of people who are very close that share personal and lasting relationships. They spend a great deal of time together. In short, they show true concern for one another.
Background image of page 4
A Secondary group A large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity. They usually exist for a short period of time, beginning for or with no reason at all.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
PRIMARY GROUPS AND SECONDARY GROUPS Primary Group Secondary Group Quality of relationships Personal Orientation Goal Orientation Duration of relationship usually long-term Variable: often short-term Breadth of relationships Board; usually involving Narrow: usually involving few many activities Activities (scope) Perception of relationships As ends in themselves As means to an end Examples Families, circles of friends Co-workers, political Organizations
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
GROUP LEADERSHIP* Instrumental leadership : it refers to group leadership that focuses on the completion of tasks. Members look to these people to get things done. Expressive leadership : it focuses on the group’s well-being. Like a coach Authoritarian leadership : focuses on instrumental concerns. One person takes charge and demand that group members obey orders.
Background image of page 8
GROUP CONFORMITY Groups influence the behavior of their members, often promoting conformity. Even though it makes you feel good, an extreme amount can be devastating. Asch’s Research - 1952
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ELEMENTS OF GROUP In-group is a social group toward which a member feels respect and commitment. Out-group, contrastly, is a social group toward which a person feels a sense of competition or opposition. They are based on the ideas that ‘we’ have valued traits that ‘they’ lack.
Background image of page 10
Georg Simmel (1858-1918) German sociologist explored the dynamics of the smallest social groups. The burden of “ relationship upkeep Dyad – the best – said simmel Triad
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 12
Amitai Etzioni (1975) identified three types of formal organizations Normative organizations – voluntary associations, people join because they believe in the morals Coercive organizations - involuntary memberships. People are forced to join, i.e. detox, rehab, prison utilitarian organization - matter of individual choice
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 14
Stratification Social stratification is a system of ranking people in a hierarchy according to certain attributes. Important element is difference Differences such as sex, race, and age.
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
approach, stratification is good, stable and successful. According to the conflict
Background image of page 16
Image of page 17
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 57

4 - 2007 Student Outline Groups and Socialization for class...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 17. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online