13 - NOTES - Sociology notes THEORISTS THAT INFLUENCE...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology notes – THEORISTS THAT INFLUENCE SOCIOLOGY Auste Comte – founder of sociology Comte, a French philosopher, was the founder of positivism (). Sought to apply the methods of observation and experimentation Believed that the solution of persistent social problems might be had by the application Became involved in mysticism, to the point where positivism became more of a religion His position was “the greatest problem, then, is to raise social feeling by artificial effort to the position which in the natural condition is held by selfish feeling.” His major works Systeme de Politique positive On liberty Herbert Spencer, 1820-1903 From England Oldest of nine, the only to survive Religious/political/philosophical background o Nonconformist dissenters Partial Quaker Supported laisez-faire Victorian biologist and early social philosopher
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Spencer, not Darwin, popularized the term ‘evolution’ and ‘survival of the fittest’ His extension of evolution to psychology is still big He borrowed the concept of interrelationship from the romanticists. His major works Social statics The principles of sociology Karl marx German Father was a jewish lawyer “Struggle rather than peaceful growth was the engine of progress” Social conflict was the core of social process Most influential thinkers in 19 th century Largely ignored by scholars in his own lifetime, however, after his death, his ideas became very popular His major work made slow progress. 1857 – he produced an 800 pg manuscript on capital, landed property, wage labor, the state, foreign trade, etc. First order of business – to take care of primary needs Man is a perpetually dissatisfied animal - - when primary needs are met, this ‘leads to new need, and this production of new needs is the first historical act.’ You just want things, regardless … no explanation for why we always want more
Background image of page 2
‘the social relations people enter into by participating in economic life ‘ create an economic category/social phenomenon called social class
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 105 taught by Professor Robinson during the Fall '07 term at University of Evansville.

Page1 / 8

13 - NOTES - Sociology notes THEORISTS THAT INFLUENCE...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online