hist 1301 chapter 5 notes and quiz

hist 1301 chapter 5 notes and quiz - Chapter 5 Notes...

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Chapter 5 Notes Imperial Reorganization British problems Territories in north America stretched from Hudson’s bay to the Caribbean sea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi river Spain was a less powerful military but a more significance presence in North America Spain had acquired Louisiana from its French ally as compensation for the loss of the Floridas Intendants – to ensure better tax collection Spain began to establish settlements in California in 1769 Free black population of Mose France was now vanquished Illicit trade was common in New England England debt approximately 146 million pounds Many Americans normally paid no more than 5% of their income in taxes, English averaged 33% Dealing with the New Territories Proclamation of 1763 – was to establish civilian governments in East and West Florida- to temporarily forbid white settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains Quartering Acts – that required colonial assemblies to provide barracks and certain supplies for the soldiers The Status of Native Americans Two major Indian wars, in 1750 and 1760, tested British policy toward Native Americans Cherokee War – took place in the southern Appalachian highlands The Cherokees had long remained allies of the British In 1759 Cherokee warriors stole horses belonging to Virginia colonists In 1760 the Cherokees captured Fort Loudoun in eastern Tennessee In 1761 treaty with Cherokees to surrender land in the Carolinas and Virginia to the colonists Pontiac’s Rebellion – in 1763 among Indians in the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions formerly claimed by France
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Neolin, also known as the Delaware Prophet, urged Native Americans to reject European goods and ways Pontiac, an Ottawa chief, was the most respected leader of at least eight major groups that attacked American settlers from the Great Lakes to Virginia in 1763 Pontiac’s Rebellion raged until 1766 British commanders used germ warfare by giving them blankets that smallpox victims had used The Paxton Boys marched on Philadelphia, threatening the Pennsylvania Assembly, Benjamin Franklin persuaded them to disperse 1768 returned supervision of the Indian traders to the individual colonies Curbing the Assemblies Parson’s Cause – 1750, British officials attempted to curb the American legislatures Anglican ministers in Virginia drew tax-supported salaries computed in pounds of tobacco Most obscure of these cases, young lawyer Patrick Henry defended the Virginia government Currency Act of 1764, Parliament extended this restriction to the rest of the colonies, prohibiting them from printing paper money Sugar Act (American Revenue Act) – passed in 1764 under Prime Minister George Grenville Vice-admiralty courts had jurisdiction over maritime affairs, and normally operated without a jury and were more likely to enforce trade restrictions Parliament created three other vice-admiralty courts in Boston, Philadelphia, and
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This note was uploaded on 01/05/2009 for the course HIST 1301 taught by Professor Powers during the Summer '08 term at Lone Star College.

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hist 1301 chapter 5 notes and quiz - Chapter 5 Notes...

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