hist 1301 chapter 10

hist 1301 chapter 10 - CHAPTER 10 THE JACKSONIAN ERA...

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CHAPTER 10: THE JACKSONIAN ERA 1824—1845 I. THE EGALITARIAN IMPULSE A. Introduction 1. John Quincy Adams and his followers never understood the more democratic America of the 1820s. As a result, they were easily routed in the election of 1828 by those who did, the Jacksonian Democrats . B. The Extension of White Male Democracy 1. Introduction a. So sharp was the reaction against the Salary Act of 1816 that 70 percent of the members of Congress were turned out of office at the next election. Congress quickly repealed the salary increase. b. Individual states, not the federal government defined who could vote. Six states, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Missouri, and Maine, entered the Union between 1816 and 1821, none of them required voters to own property. c. Constitutional conventions in Connecticut in 1818 and Massachusetts and New York in 1821 eliminated property requirements for voting. d. By the end of the 1820s, universal white male suffrage was the norm everywhere except Rhode Island, Virginia, and Louisiana. 2. Extending the suffrage and democratic reform a. States removed or reduced property qualifications from office holding. The selection of local official was taken out of the hands of governors and executive councils and give to the voters. b. Written ballots were the norm by the 1820s. c. In 1800, only two states had provided for a statewide popular vote in presidential elections. By 1824, most did so, and by 1832, only South Carolina still clung to the practice of having the state legislature choose the electors. 3. The Disfranchisement of free blacks and women a. In the state constitutions of the Revolutionary era, free black males who met the minimum property requirements usually had the same voting rights as white males. New
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Jersey’s constitution of 1776 was exceptional in also granting the suffrage to single women and widow who owned property. b. In 1807 New Jersey’s new constitution broadened suffrage by requiring only a simple taxpaying qualification to vote, but it also denied the ballot to women and free black men. None of the 10 states that entered the Union from 1821 to 1861 allowed black suffrage. C. The Popular Religious Revolt 1. Introduction a. In a blaze of fervor known as the Second Great Awakening , evangelical sects led by Methodists and Baptists radically transformed the religious landscape between 1800 and 1840. By 1850, one in three Americans was a regular churchgoer, a dramatic increase since 1800. b. Evangelical Christianity emphasized personal, heartfelt experience that would produce a spiritual rebirth. 2. Evangelicalism and minority rights a. Evangelicalism was a religion of the common people, and it appealed especially to women and African Americans. The revivals converted about twice as many women as men.
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hist 1301 chapter 10 - CHAPTER 10 THE JACKSONIAN ERA...

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