hist 1302 chapter 17 notes

hist 1302 chapter 17 notes - CHAPTER 17: A NEW SOUTH:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 17: A NEW SOUTH: ECONOMIC PROGRESS AND SOCIAL TRADITION 1877—1900 I. THE NEWNESS OF THE NEW SOUTH A. Introduction 1. The Democratic Party dominated southern politics after 1877, significantly changing the South’s political system. The result was the emergence by 1900 of the Solid South , a period of white Democratic Party rule that lasted into the 1950s. B. An Industrial and Urban South 1. Steel mills and textiles a. By 1889, Birmingham had surpassed the older southern iron center of Chattanooga, Tennessee, and was preparing to challenge Pittsburgh, the nation’s preeminent steelmaking city. b. The center of the industry was in the Carolina Piedmont, a region with good railroads, plentiful labor, and cheap energy. By 1900, the South had surpassed New England to become the nation’s foremost textile-manufacturing center. 2. Tobacco and Coca-Cola a. Virginia was the dominant producer, and its main product was tobacco. The discovery of bright-leaf tobacco, a strain suitable for smoking in the form of cigarettes, changed Americans’ tobacco habits. b. In 1884, James B. Duke installed the first cigarette-making machine in his Durham, North Carolina, plant. By 1900, Duke’s American Tobacco Company controlled 80 percent if all tobacco manufacturing in the United States. c. A soft drink developed by an Atlanta pharmacist, Dr. John Pemberton, eventually became the most renowned southern product worldwide. He called his concoction Coca-Cola. He sold the rights to it to Asa Candler in 1889. 3. Railroads and growth a. In 1886 the southern railroads agreed to conform to a national standard for track width, firmly linking the region into a national transportation network and ensuring quick and direct access for southern products to the booming markets of the Northeast. b. The railroad increased the prominence of interior cities at the expense of older coastal cities. Antebellum ports such as New Orleans, Charleston, and Savannah declined as commerce took to the rails. Cities such as Dallas, Atlanta, Nashville, and Charlotte, astride great railroad truck lines, emerged to lead southern urban growth. C. The Limits of Industrial and Urban Growth 1. Introduction a. Rapid as it was, urban and industrial growth in the South barely kept pace with that in the booming North. b. A weak agricultural economy and a high rural birthrate depressed wages in the South. 2. Effects of low wages a. Poorly paid workers did not buy much, keeping consumer demand low and limiting the market for southern manufactured goods.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
b. Low wages kept immigrants, and the skills and energy they brought with them, out of the South. 3. Limited Capital a. Investment in the South seemed riskier and less promising than investment in the vibrant northern economy. With limited access to other sources of capital, the South’s textile industry depended on thousands of small investors in towns and cities. b.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 15

hist 1302 chapter 17 notes - CHAPTER 17: A NEW SOUTH:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online