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Unformatted text preview: of electron
length-to-diameter ratio for load band effectively energy levels that and
two Cl atoms are brought together, they can each acquire a full complement of eight is governed by Bragg’s law.
from a melt of Si.
(usually) if they share ﬁlled pair located closer to the
transferred to valence shellcompletely a single and ofﬁber
electrons in their the strong ﬁbers in a discontinuousis electrons. Each atom con- bonding
A process by which two p
tributes one electron to the shared pair. As shown in Figure or conduction electrons
deep drawing A at
nucleus than either the valence 2.4–3, the sharedbonded or joined together by atomic mixingpro
are spatially localized in the region between the Cl atoms. Although a complete descripof metal is shaped into
critical nucleus Nucleus of the size such that either
tion of the force holding the Cl2 molecule Those electrons that are contained accomplished by solid-state diffusion u
together requires a quantum mechanics explagrowth can be envisioned as a coulombic free energy. the positively charged of high temperature and pressure.
nation, it or dissolution will decrease itsattraction of an atom.
degree of polymerizati
within the ﬁlled inner shells between
nuclei andresolved shear stress ( Celectron pair localized between the twodiffusion coefﬁcient
critical the negatively charged shared RSS)in the solute stress
The shear distribution of a single
to The constant in the the
form a polymer; equ
coring repulsive force develops
As with the ionic plane Variation
resolved in the slipbond, a in the slip direction atwhen the core electrons, themass ﬂux perdivided by the molecula
unit area to the concentr
electrons in the ﬁlled shells “below” the valence shell, solidiﬁcation. Although the
phase due to nonequilibrium begin to overlap. Coring occurs
plastic deformation for the attractive force is slightly different from that...
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