Unformatted text preview: forces and x0 . which a liquid metal preferentially
minimum) bond bond-force curve (the thevalues
electrochemical corrosion be referred to as the bond-force curve. Since coherent interface the equation se
A liquid-solid degradation
ion of an edge dislocation
through An interface t h
This total force is zero). will
(usually E others1like it,
the ﬁgure, andN between two atoms or ions. It can be estimated from
boundaries in a solid.
mechanism in which the transfer of electrical atoms, it is also known as the
igrate to the edge of the
represents the average center-to-center distance between
where there is a one-to-one match ex
coefﬁcient of thermal of
ionic (atomic) polarization The temporary displaceBragg’s law eitherdeﬁning equation curve (the point where the energy
The the bond-energy of X-ray
bond an important role.
s in the dislocation being
liquidus boundary.thermal at which
The temperature strain to
ment of positive a d negative or during the presence of (the point where the
Consider the energy changes .
2 minimum) ions bond-force curve an
diffraction, n is and sin that occur thein theformation of an ionic compound.
ne. Climb requires mass
freeze during coherent interface cond
electrochemical plating the energy, or work, necessary to create the ions from working equilibrium cooling An
The three important factors are An electrochemical process of
Plastic deformation o
brazing ﬁeld. the total force is zero).
depositing a the process of the attractive force (work done bywhich a in drawing a temperature where dislocations re
thin metal coating. The workpiece in the
neutral atoms, A work done by joining two materials is the system)
long-range order there is a one-to-o
where Existence of a a
ionization the Bragg’s The is The distance, between of
the ions and potential inﬁnite separationthe anode. to remove X-ray
low-temperature an material sandwiched equation the an
cathode together fromﬁller metal energydeﬁning and the work don...
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