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Unformatted text preview: ers n 3 and l 2 would be designated as 3d5.
n of a Group V or VI
electronicuseGP zones has widened to include solute-rich of for
The temporary electron conﬁguration
How cantermpolarization describe the ground-state displacement
this notation to
an the centerthat contains eight electrons?othercharge in thealloys as well as
oxygen atom of positive and negative ground state atoms in will “ﬁll”
coherent precipitates in In the aluminum subshells the
in the order 1s, 2s, 2p . . . and the maximum number of electrons in s and p subshells will
elocity with which an
presence of an electric ﬁeld.
be two and other alloy systems. ground-state electron conﬁguration for oxygen is
six, respectively. Thus, the
through a solid in
1s2electrostatic painting inA spray-painting and 2s subshells and four
2s2 2p4, indicating two electrons
the (ﬁlled) 1s process in
hand layup A simpleofprocess of manufacturing lamelectrons in the (partially ﬁlled) 2p subshell.
which inate compositesofinand the sheetsresultresin-impregnated
the paint particles which surface being painted
In addition to the quantization energy, another key of of the wave model is that
be materials that are able
are given opposite electrical atom can never be known. Instead, in a
the exact position of are stacked on top of each other the handprobability
ﬁbers an electron within an charges so that by particles
density functions toward the target surface.
rather than by fracture
accelerate (PDFs) are used to describe the spatial location ofform theAs shown
predetermined orientation on the value to
in Figure 2.2–2, the shape of the PDF depends and curedof the quantum number l.
bjected to external loads.
Note that not all the distribution functions are in dimensions of a
electrostriction The change radially symmetric. The consequence of a
nonsymmetric PDF is that deﬁnite bond angles can be found in structures such as diatic bumper on a car is
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